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Table of Contents
Vol. 29, No. 1-2, 2006
Issue release date: January 2006
Section title: Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit
Onkologie 2006;29:39-43
(DOI:10.1159/000089800)

Neurokinin-1-Receptor Antagonists: A New Approach in Antiemetic Therapy

Jordan K.
Department of Hematology/Oncology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit

Published online: January 03, 2006
Issue release date: January 2006

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 2296-5270 (Print)
eISSN: 2296-5262 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ORT

Abstract

Aprepitant (Emend®), the first neurokinin-1-receptor antagonist (NK-1-RA), represents a new class of antiemetics. Aprepitant has been approved for the prevention and treatment of acute (0-24 h after chemotherapy) and delayed (1-5 days after chemotherapy) emesis resulting from cisplatin-based chemotherapy and moderately emetogenic chemotherapy. The addition of aprepitant to standard antiemetic therapy in cisplatin-based chemotherapy significantly improves emesis protection in general and, in particular, in the delayed phase by approximately 20%. Results from a recently published study in patients receiving moderately emetogenic chemotherapy suggest a benefit of aprepitant when combined with dexamethasone and a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist for the prevention of acute emesis, followed by aprepitant as a single agent in the prevention of delayed emesis. Altogether, the addition of aprepitant to the standard antiemetic regimen (5-HT3 receptor antagonist and dexamethasone) significantly improves the protection against vomiting in the acute as well as in the delayed phase in highly and moderately emetogenic chemotherapies. Therefore, the combination of a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, dexamethasone and aprepitant should be considered as a new standard antiemetic therapy.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit

Published online: January 03, 2006
Issue release date: January 2006

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 2296-5270 (Print)
eISSN: 2296-5262 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ORT


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.