Cover

Allergy and Asthma in Modern Society: A Scientific Approach

Editor(s): Crameri R. (Davos) 
Add to my selection
Crameri R (ed): Allergy and Asthma in Modern Society: A Scientific Approach. Chem Immunol Allergy. Basel, Karger, 2006, vol 91, pp 59-75
(DOI:10.1159/000090230)
Paper

The Role of T Lymphocytes in Asthma

Kay A.
National Heart & Lung Institute, and Leukocyte Biology Section, Imperial College, London, UK Crameri R (ed): Allergy and Asthma in Modern Society: A Scientific Approach. Chem Immunol Allergy. Basel, Karger, 2006, vol 91, pp 59-75 (DOI:10.1159/000090230)

Abstract

There is now overwhelming evidence to support a major role for T cells in asthma, in particular the involvement of T helper type 2 (Th2) cells in atopic allergic asthma as well as nonatopic and occupational asthma. There may also be a minor contribution from T cytotoxic type 2 CD8+T cells. Several Th2 cytokines have potential to modulate airway inflammation, in particular interleukin-13 which induces airway hyperresponsiveness independently of IgE and eosinophilia in animal models. The identification of transcription factors controlling Th1, Th2 and T-regulatory cell (TReg) development further support the Th2 hypothesis since GATA3 is overexpressed and T-bet underexpressed in the asthmatic airway and Foxp3 is induced in asthma by corticosteroid treatment. Specific T-cell-directed immunotherapy may allow induction/modulation of T-cell responses, and elucidation of the mechanisms of TRegs may allow further optimization of immunotherapy. Recent advances in the understanding of dendritic cell function in directing T-cell responses may uncover further therapeutic targets. Efficacy of cyclosporin and anti-CD4 treatment in chronic severe asthma argues for continued T-cell involvement, but whether remodeling contributes to pathology inaccessible to antiinflammatory treatment or T-cell immunotherapy remains an important question.

Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.