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Table of Contents
Vol. 139, No. 2, 2006
Issue release date: January 2006
Section title: Original Paper
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2006;139:139–145
(DOI:10.1159/000090389)

Validity of Parent-Reported Height and Weight for Defining Obesity among Asthmatic and Nonasthmatic Schoolchildren

Garcia-Marcos L.a · Valverde-Molina J.c · Sanchez-Solis M.a, b · Soriano-Pérez M.J.c · Baeza-Alcaraz A.c · Martinez-Torres A.b · Perez-Fernandez V.b · Guillen-Perez J.J.d
aInstitute of Respiratory Health, University of Murcia and bPediatric Pulmonology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University Children’s Hospital Virgen Arrixaca, Murcia, cDepartment of Pediatrics, Los Arcos Hospital, Santiago de la Ribera, and dLocal Health Authority, Cartagena, Spain

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: July 28, 2005
Accepted: October 17, 2005
Published online: February 01, 2006
Issue release date: January 2006

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA

Abstract

Background: The relationship between parent-reported and measured height and weight is not well established in schoolchildren. This relationship has never been studied in asthmatic children. The objective of this study is to test the validity of the parent-reported weight and height for defining obesity by BMI and to know whether the perception of this height and weight changes when the child suffers from asthma. Methods: All classes of children of the target ages of 6–8 years (n = 1,672, participation rate 70.2%) of all schools in four municipalities of Murcia (Spain) were included. Parents were asked about their children’s weight and height using a questionnaire which included the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) core questions on asthma. Parents were not aware that their children were going to be weighed and measured within 1 week’s time. Measurements were performed using a rigid stadiometer to the nearest 0.1 cm and a scale to the nearest 0.1 kg. Results: The bias (reported minus real) was, respectively, for nonasthmatics and asthmatics: weight +0.42 kg (95% CI +0.24; +0.59 kg) versus +0.97 kg (+0.50; +1.44 kg), height +2.37 cm (+2.06; +2.68 cm) versus +2.87 cm (+1.87; +3.87 cm); BMI –0.39 kg/m2 (–0.52; –0.23 kg/m2) versus –0.23 kg/m2 (–0.58; +0.13 kg/m2). Diagnostic accuracy of obesity calculated from reported measurements was, respectively, for nonasthmatics and asthmatics: sensitivity 78.0 versus 77.8%, specificity 96.2 versus 94.5%, positive predictive value 77.2 versus 73.7% and negative predictive value 96.4 versus 91.7%. Conclusions: Reported weights and heights had large biases, comparable between parents of both asthmatic and those of nonasthmatic children. However, this information could be reasonably valid for classifying children as obese or nonobese in large epidemiological studies.

© 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: July 28, 2005
Accepted: October 17, 2005
Published online: February 01, 2006
Issue release date: January 2006

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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