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Table of Contents
Vol. 33, No. 3, 2006
Issue release date: June 2006
Section title: Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit
Transfus Med Hemother 2006;33:217-226
(DOI:10.1159/000091371)

Recent Advances in Platelet Transcriptomics

Gnatenko D.V.a · Bahou W.F.a,b
aDepartment of Medicine, bProgram in Genetics, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY, USA

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Abstract

Platelets are anucleated cells that contain small amounts of mRNA of megakaryocyte origin and possess the capacity for signal-dependent pre-mRNA splicing. They have an important role in diverse hemostatic and pathological disorders, including vascular remodeling, inflammation and wound repair. Recent progress in highthroughput mRNA profiling techniques permitted first insights into the platelet transcriptome - a catalogue of all mRNA transcripts expressed in platelets. It is evident that platelets have a unique and reproducible molecular signature. Detailed analysis of the platelet transcriptome has resulted in the identification of many genes and proteins, previously unknown to be expressed in platelets. Furthermore, microarray analysis was applied to platelet disorders: i) as potentially a powerful tool for differential diagnosis, ii) to study the molecular basis of the disease and iii) to identify potential targets for therapy. In this review, we focus on recent applications of transcript profiling to platelet studies. We briefly review current approaches to transcriptome analysis and describe practical application of these approaches to investigate molecular mechanisms of essential thrombocythemia, gray platelet syndrome and polycythemia vera.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit

Published online: May 23, 2006
Issue release date: June 2006

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1660-3796 (Print)
eISSN: 1660-3818 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/TMH


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