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Vol. 73, No. 3, 2006
Issue release date: May 2006
Section title: Thematic Review Series 2006
Respiration 2006;73:267–276
(DOI:10.1159/000092080)

The Future in Diagnosis and Staging of Lung Cancer: Positron Emission Tomography

Fischer B.M. · Mortensen J.
Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Thematic Review Series 2006

Received: 2/7/2006
Accepted: 3/1/2006
Published online: 5/5/2006

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0025-7931 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0356 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/RES

Abstract

Since its introduction in 1974, positron emission tomography (PET) has gained widespread use, especially in diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. In this respect, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is by far the most used PET tracer exploiting the increased glucose uptake and metabolism in malignant cells. A large number of studies have suggested that addition of FDG-PET to conventional workup can improve diagnosis and staging in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In meta-analysis, the sensitivity and specificity of PET in diagnosing single pulmonary nodules and masses is found to be 96 and 78%, respectively. In mediastinal staging, the sensitivity and specificity of PET is estimated to be 83 and 92%. In order to achieve high diagnostic values from PET, it is necessary to pay attention to a number of pitfalls, e.g., the uptake of FDG by inflammatory cells causing false-positive results, as well as size and histology of the tumour in order to avoid false-negative results. In 2001, the first integrated PET/computed tomography (CT) was installed, and since then, the use of this modality has expanded steadily, thereby decreasing examination time and overcoming the lack of anatomical details on PET. Recently, PET and PET/CT have become increasingly integrated in therapy planning and evaluation: response evaluation during and after chemotherapy, restaging after neoadjuvant therapy, planning of radiotherapy and detection of recurrent disease are all examples of emerging indications for PET and PET/CT in managing patients with lung cancer.


  

Author Contacts

Barbara M. Fischer, MD, Research Fellow
Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Rigshospitalet, section 4012
Blegdamsvej 9
DK–2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)
Tel. +45 3956 3550, Fax +45 3545 3898, E-Mail malene.fischer@rh.dk

  

Article Information

Previous articles in this series: 1. Pastorino U: Early de tection of lung cancer. Respiration 2006;73:5–13. 2. Laurent F, Montaudon M, Corneloup O: CT and MRI of lung cancer.Respiration2006;73:133–142.

Number of Print Pages : 10
Number of Figures : 3, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 105

  

Publication Details

Respiration (International Journal of Thoracic Medicine)

Vol. 73, No. 3, Year 2006 (Cover Date: May 2006)

Journal Editor: Bolliger, C.T. (Cape Town)
ISSN: 0025–7931 (print), 1423–0356 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/RES


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Thematic Review Series 2006

Received: 2/7/2006
Accepted: 3/1/2006
Published online: 5/5/2006

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0025-7931 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0356 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/RES


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