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Band 13, Suppl. 2, 2006
Issue release date: June 2006
Section title: Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit
Forsch Komplementärmed 2006;13(suppl 2):19-29
(DOI:10.1159/000093586)

Effectiveness, Safety and Cost-Effectiveness of Homeopathy in General Practice – Summarized Health Technology Assessment

Bornhöft G. · Wolf U. · Ammon K. · Righetti M. · Maxion- Bergemann S. · Baumgartner S. · Thurneysen A. · Matthiessen P.F.
aChair in Medical Theory and Complementary Medicine, University of Witten/Herdecke, Germany bInstitute for Complementary Medicine (KIKOM), Inselspital, University of Berne, Switzerland cMedical Practice, Zurich, dPanMedion Foundation, Zurich, Switzerland

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit

Published online: 6/26/2006

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1661-4119 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-4127 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FOK

Abstract

Introduction: The Health Technology Assessment report on effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and appropriateness of homeopathy was compiled on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office for Public Health (BAG) within the framework of the ‘Program of Evaluation of Complementary Medicine (PEK)’. Materials and Methods: Databases accessible by Internet were systematically searched, complemented by manual search and contacts with experts, and evaluated according to internal and external validity criteria. Results: Many high-quality investigations of pre-clinical basic research proved homeopathic high-potencies inducing regulative and specific changes in cells or living organisms. 20 of 22 systematic reviews detected at least a trend in favor of homeopathy. In our estimation 5 studies yielded results indicating clear evidence for homeopathic therapy. The evaluation of 29 studies in the domain ‘Upper Respiratory Tract Infections/Allergic Reactions’ showed a positive overall result in favor of homeopathy. 6 out of 7 controlled studies were at least equivalent to conventional medical interventions. 8 out of 16 placebocontrolled studies were significant in favor of homeopathy. Swiss regulations grant a high degree of safety due to product and training requirements for homeopathic physicians. Applied properly, classical homeopathy has few side-effects and the use of high-potencies is free of toxic effects. A general health-economic statement about homeopathy cannot be made from the available data. Conclusion: Taking internal and external validity criteria into account, effectiveness of homeopathy can be supported by clinical evidence and professional and adequate application be regarded as safe. Reliable statements of cost-effectiveness are not available at the moment. External and model validity will have to be taken more strongly into consideration in future studies.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit

Published online: 6/26/2006

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1661-4119 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-4127 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FOK


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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