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Table of Contents
Vol. 52, No. 4, 2006
Issue release date: July 2006
Section title: Behavioural Science Section
Gerontology 2006;52:258–263
(DOI:10.1159/000093658)

Factors Associated with Perceived Health of Very Old Inhabitants of Japan

Kawada T.a · Suzuki S.b · Tsukioka T.c · Iesaki S.c
aDepartment of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo; bGunma Occupational Health Promotion Center, and cGunma Medical Association, Maebashi, Japan

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Behavioural Science Section

Received: February 14, 2005
Accepted: July 29, 2005
Published online: July 19, 2006
Issue release date: July 2006

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER

Abstract

Background: Perceived health or self-rated subjective health of the oldest inhabitants of Japan was studied to identify its associated impact on their lives. Objective: The health status of the aged was evaluated to elucidate the correlation between their health complaints and perceived health status as expressed on a comprehensive rating scale. Methods: A health questionnaire including the Todai Health Index (THI) was applied to 529 inhabitants of Central Japan, aged 85 years or older. THI is a symptom checklist composed of 130 questions. Twelve scale scores and two discriminant function values were calculated. Response rate was 99.8% (528/529). Other items included sex, age, prevalence of chronic disease and its treatment, marital status, academic career, and friendship. A question ‘How is your health?’ with five ordinal response options was used to assess perceived health. Results: The mean values of THI scale scores of lie and aggression of poor (poor or extremely poor) perceived health were significantly lower than those of good (extremely good or good) perceived health. The mean values of other THI scale scores of poor perceived health except impulsiveness and nervousness in male subjects were significantly higher than those of good perceived health. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients between perceived health score and THI scale scores were all statistically significant. Furthermore, multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify significant factors predicting perceived health. THI scale scores of physical symptoms, depressive state, and irregular daily life were significant. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals in parentheses on each factor were 1.15 (1.07–1.23), 1.14 (1.02–1.30), and 1.15 (1.02–1.30), respectively. Conclusions: Poor perceived health was significantly associated with irregular lifestyle, physical and mental complaints. Perceived health reflects the health status of the oldest inhabitants of Japan.

© 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Behavioural Science Section

Received: February 14, 2005
Accepted: July 29, 2005
Published online: July 19, 2006
Issue release date: July 2006

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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