Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 77, No. 3, 2006
Issue release date: July 2006
Section title: Original Paper
Pharmacology 2006;77:130–136
(DOI:10.1159/000093790)

Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Thymol: Inhibitory Effect on the Release of Human Neutrophil Elastase

Braga P.C. · Dal Sasso M. · Culici M. · Bianchi T. · Bordoni L. · Marabini L.
aDepartment of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Milan, and bAVIS, Milan, Italy

Do you have an account?

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger (new!)
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
  • Reduced rates with a PPV account
read more

Direct: USD 38.00
Account: USD 26.50

Select

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00

Select

Subscribe

  • Automatic perpetual access to all articles of the subscribed year(s)
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 3/27/2006
Accepted: 4/12/2006
Published online: 7/21/2006

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0031-7012 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0313 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHA

Abstract

Elastase, a serine proteinase released by activated human neutrophils, can degrade a wide variety of biomacromolecules including elastin, and is considered a marker of inflammatory diseases. As the logical strategy to protect tissue is to inhibit excessive elastase activity, experimental and clinical researches have concentrated on trying to find efficient elastase inhibitors. As thymol, one of the major components of thyme oil with a phenolic structure, has been credited with a series of pharmacological properties, that include antimicrobial and antioxidant effects, the aim of this study was to explore whether it can also interfere with the release of elastase by human neutrophils stimulated with the synthetic chemotactic peptide N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP). After the neutrophils were incubated with increasing amounts of thymol (2.5, 5, 10, 20 µg/ml), elastase release was initiated by fMLP and measured using MeO-Suc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Val-MCA. The results showed that thymol inhibited fMLP-induced elastase release in a concentration-dependent manner, with the effects of 10 and 20 µg/ml being statistically significant. The behavior of cytosolic calcium mobilization revealed by fura-2 closely resembled that of elastase, thus suggesting that they may be related. The hydrophobic nature of thymol means that it can approach ion channel proteins through the lipid phase of the membrane, alter the local environment of calcium channels and thus inhibit capacitative calcium entry. In brief, thymol inactivates calcium channels machinery, thus triggering a corresponding reduction in elastase. The antibacterial and antimycotic activity of thymol is already well known, but our findings that it inhibits elastase extend our knowledge of the anti-inflammatory activity of this interesting molecule that is already credited with antioxidant activity. These two latter characteristics make thymol a molecule that can have helpful effects in controlling the inflammatory processes present in many infections.


  

Author Contacts

Prof. P.C. Braga
Department of Pharmacology
Via Vanvitelli 32
IT–20129 Milano (Italy)
Tel. +39 02 5031 6990, Fax +39 02 5031 6990, E-Mail piercarlo.braga@unimi.it

  

Article Information

Received: March 27, 2006
Accepted: April 12, 2006
Published online: June 7, 2006
Number of Print Pages : 7
Number of Figures : 3, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 56

  

Publication Details

Pharmacology (International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology)

Vol. 77, No. 3, Year 2006 (Cover Date: July 2006)

Journal Editor: Donnerer, J. (Graz)
ISSN: 0031–7012 (print), 1423–0313 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHA


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 3/27/2006
Accepted: 4/12/2006
Published online: 7/21/2006

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0031-7012 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0313 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHA


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.