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Vol. 39, No. 5, 2006
Issue release date: August 2006
Section title: Original Paper
Psychopathology 2006;39:227–235
(DOI:10.1159/000093923)

Predictors of Attention Problems for the Period from Pre-Teen to Early Teen Years

Barnow S. · Schuckit M. · Smith T. · Freyberger H.J.
aDepartment of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy of the Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University Greifswald, Medical Centre of Stralsund, Stralsund, Germany, and bDepartment of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, Calif., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 1/28/2005
Accepted: 8/25/2005
Published online: 8/15/2006

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP

Abstract

Objective: This longitudinal study investigated the scope, persistence, and predictors of attention problems (AP) over a period of time from pre-teen (7–12 years) to early teen years (13–17 years). Method: AP evaluations used the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and a semi-structured interview (C-SSAGA-P) with the parents. In addition, data relating to birth complications, family histories of affective disorders and alcohol-use disorders, home supervision, emotional, social and behavioral problems, school performance and school activities at two different measurement points were also collected. Results: The findings indicate a high degree of comorbidity between AP and emotional and behavioral problems, difficulties in school, social problems and peer rejection. Furthermore, a cross-sectional association between childhood AP and parental affective disorders was also evident. Longitudinally, there was no increase in AP over the age span covered by the study, and symptoms often did not persist over time. Multiple regression analyses confirmed poorer school performance, problems with peers and AP at time point 15 as predictors for subsequent AP. Conclusion: The findings indicate that AP symptoms do not occur more frequently in early teen than in pre-teen years, and tend to be temporary phenomena. Difficulties in school and with peers were noted as particularly strong predictors of subsequent AP.


  

Author Contacts

Sven Barnow, PhD
Department of Psychiatry, University Greifswald
Ellernholzstr. 1–2
DE–17487 Greifswald (Germany)
Tel. +49 3831 452107, Fax +49 3831 452105, E-Mail barnow@uni-greifswald.de

  

Article Information

Received: January 28, 2005
Accepted after revision: August 25, 2005
Published online: June 14, 2006
Number of Print Pages : 9
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 5, Number of References : 63

  

Publication Details

Psychopathology (International Journal of Descriptive and Experimental Psychopathology, Phenomenology and Psychiatric Diagnosis)

Vol. 39, No. 5, Year 2006 (Cover Date: August 2006)

Journal Editor: Akiskal, H.S. (San Diego, Calif.)
ISSN: 0254–4962 (print), 1423–033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 1/28/2005
Accepted: 8/25/2005
Published online: 8/15/2006

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP


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