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Table of Contents
Vol. 13, No. 1, 2007
Issue release date: December 2006
Section title: Research Report
Eur Addict Res 2007;13:39–49
(DOI:10.1159/000095814)

Origin of the Comorbidity of Anxiety Disorders and Alcohol Dependence: Findings of a General Population Study

Marquenie L.A. · Schadé A. · van Balkom A.J.L.M. · Comijs H.C. · de Graaf R. · Vollebergh W. · van Dyck R. · van den Brink W.
aDepartment of Psychiatry and Institute for Extramural Medicine, VU – University Medical Center, bAcademic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, and cAmsterdam Institute for Addiction Research, Amsterdam; dNetherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, Monitoring and Epidemiology Department, Utrecht, The Netherlands

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Research Report

Published online: 12/18/2006

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 1022-6877 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR

Abstract

A representative general population sample (n = 7,076) was used to study retrospectively and prospectively the nature of the relationship between co-morbid alcohol dependence and anxiety disorders. Four different models were tested: (1) anxiety disorders increase the risk of alcohol dependence; (2) alcohol dependence increases the risk of anxiety disorders; (3) family history or childhood traumatisation increase the risk of both alcohol dependence and anxiety disorders, and (4) comorbid conditions are a separate psychopathological entity. The data show that alcohol dependence does not precede the onset of anxiety disorders, that anxiety disorders do precede the onset of alcohol dependence, that family history is not very likely to be the third factor explaining the elevated comorbidity, and that in women childhood trauma might be partially responsible for the association between both disorders. The data are inconsistent with regard to comorbidity as a distinct psychopathological entity. These findings are of great importance for treatment planning in patients with alcohol dependence and comorbid anxiety disorders.


  

Author Contacts

Anton J.L.M. van Balkom
Department of Psychiatry, VU – University Medical Center
AJ Ernststraat 887
NL–1081 HL Amsterdam (The Netherlands)
Tel. +31 20 788 4502, Fax +31 20 788 5664, E-Mail vanbalkom@ggzba.nl

  

Article Information

Number of Print Pages : 11
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 49

  

Publication Details

European Addiction Research

Vol. 13, No. 1, Year 2007 (Cover Date: December 2006)

Journal Editor: Krausz, M. (Hamburg)
ISSN: 1022–6877 (print), 1421–9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Research Report

Published online: 12/18/2006

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 1022-6877 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR


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