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Table of Contents
Vol. 29, No. 11, 2006
Issue release date: November 2006
Section title: Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit
Onkologie 2006;29:534-540
(DOI:10.1159/000096056)

Differences in Nephrotoxicity of Intravenous Bisphosphonates for the Treatment of Malignancy- Related Bone Disease

Bergner R.a · Diel I.J.b · Henrich D.a · Hoffmann M.a · Uppenkamp M.a
aMedizinische Klinik A, Klinikum der Stadt Ludwigshafen, bCGG-Klinik, Mannheim, Germany

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit

Published online: October 25, 2006
Issue release date: November 2006

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 2296-5270 (Print)
eISSN: 2296-5262 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ORT

Abstract

Renal dysfunction is a particularly problematic adverse event that requires additional management and can prohibit the use of certain medications. Due to their renal uptake and elimination, some bisphosphonates can cause nephrotoxicity when used for the treatment of skeletal-related events in patients with bone metastases. However, clinical studies and post-marketing experience indicate that renal effects do not appear to be the same for all bisphosphonates. Zoledronic acid and pamidronate appear to be associated with a greater risk of renal toxicity, especially when given in high doses or over short infusion times. In contrast, high loading doses of intravenous ibandronate (3 × 6 mg given on days 1-3) have shown no additional renal safety concerns, and intravenous ibandronate 6 mg appears to have a renal safety profile comparable to placebo. This paper reviews the renal safety of intravenously administered bisphosphonates and makes some suggestions, based on preclinical and clinical data, as to why renal safety profiles may differ.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit

Published online: October 25, 2006
Issue release date: November 2006

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 2296-5270 (Print)
eISSN: 2296-5262 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ORT


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.