Psychotherapy of Childhood Anxiety Disorders: A Meta-AnalysisIn-Albon T. · Schneider S.
Department of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Background: The present study compared the efficacy of psychotherapy for childhood anxiety disorders (excluding trials solely treating post-traumatic stress disorder or obsessive-compulsive disorder). Methods: The meta-analysis included studies that met the basic CONSORT (consolidated standards of reporting trials) criteria. Several outcome variables (e.g. effect sizes, percentage of recovery) were analyzed using completer and intent-to-treat analyses during post-treatment and follow-up assessment. Twenty-four studies published by March 2005 were included in this meta-analysis. Results: In all the included studies, the active treatment condition was cognitive-behavioral. The overall mean effect of treatment was 0.86. No differences in outcome were found between individual and group treatments or child- and family-focused treatments. Follow-up data demonstrated that treatment gains were maintained up to several years after treatment. Conclusions: These findings provide evidence that anxiety disorders in children can be treated efficaciously. The gathered data support the clinical utility of cognitive-behavioral therapy in this regard. Randomized controlled trial studies investigating treatments other than cognitive-behavioral therapy are missing.
Silvia Schneider, PhD
Universität Basel, Institut für Psychologie
Abteilung Klinische Kinder- und Jugendpsychologie
Missionsstrasse 60/62, CH–4055 Basel (Switzerland)
Tel. +41 61 267 06 50, Fax +41 61 267 06 48, E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Number of Print Pages : 10
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 2, Number of References : 71
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Vol. 76, No. 1, Year 2007 (Cover Date: December 2006)
Journal Editor: Fava, G.A. (Bologna)
ISSN: 0033–3190 (print), 1423–0348 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS