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Table of Contents
Vol. 59, No. 1, 2007
Issue release date: December 2006
Section title: Original Paper
Folia Phoniatr Logop 2007;59:39–52
(DOI:10.1159/000096549)

Swallowing Difficulties Reported by Adults Infected with HIV/AIDS Attending a Hospital Outpatient Clinic in Gauteng, South Africa

Bladon K.L.a · Ross E.b
aDepartment of Speech Pathology and Audiology, bDepartment of Social Work, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: December 18, 2006
Issue release date: December 2006

Number of Print Pages: 14
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 7

ISSN: 1021-7762 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9972 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPL

Abstract

Objective: Swallowing difficulties can exert a profound effect on quality of life, may result in reduced nutritional intake and place individuals at risk of aspiration. However, there is little data available on the swallowing difficulties occurring within the HIV/AIDS population in South Africa. A descriptive study was therefore conducted to document the presence of reported swallowing difficulties in a sample of adults with HIV. Patients and Methods: One-to-one semi-structured interview schedules were administered to 120 adults with HIV attending a clinic in Gauteng, and medical records were evaluated to document the presence of reported swallowing difficulties. Results: Participants described a range of swallowing difficulties and the number of swallowing difficulties reported by participants was negatively correlated with CD4 count. Swallowing difficulties were significantly associated with various opportunistic diseases and related medical pathologies. Prescribed medications were associated with reported swallowing difficulties. Treatment of swallowing difficulties was mainly medical in nature. Swallowing difficulties had affected quality of life. Conclusions: From the results it was concluded that speech therapists have a role to play in the assessment and treatment of swallowing difficulties in individuals with HIV/AIDS.

© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: December 18, 2006
Issue release date: December 2006

Number of Print Pages: 14
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 7

ISSN: 1021-7762 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9972 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPL


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.