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Table of Contents
Vol. 108, No. 4, 2007
Issue release date: November 2007
Section title: Original Research
Cardiology 2007;108:228–236
(DOI:10.1159/000096803)

Erythropoietin Enhances the Angiogenic Potency of Autologous Bone Marrow Stromal Cells in a Rat Model of Myocardial Infarction

Zhang D.a · Zhang F.a · Zhang Y.a · Gao X.b · Li C.c · Ma W.a · Cao K.a
aFirst Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, and bModel Animal Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Nanjing University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; cDepartment of Surgery, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tenn., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research

Received: October 28, 2005
Accepted: August 05, 2006
Published online: November 09, 2006
Issue release date: November 2007

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 7
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0008-6312 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9751 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRD

Abstract

Background: Transplantation of marrow stromal cells (MSC) has been shown to improve heart perfusion and cardiac function after ischemia. Erythropoietin (EPO) is capable of inducing angiogenesis and inhibiting cell apoptosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of EPO on the therapeutic potency of MSC transplantation in a rat model of myocardial infarction. Methods: MSC viability was detected by MTT andflow cytometry following culture in serum-free medium for 24 h with or without EPO. Release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by MSC incubated with different doses of EPO was assayed using ELISA. Immediately after coronary ligation, autologous MSC (3 × 106 cells) were injected into the ischemic myocardium (MSC and MSC-EPO groups). EPO (3,000 U/kg body weight) was injected daily for 3 consecutive days starting 1 day prior to ligation. The same EPO dose was also injected for consecutive 3 days starting 15 days after surgery (EPO and MSC-EPO groups). Control animals were injected saline solution for the same time period. Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography 2 and 21 days after surgery, respectively. Western blot and immunohistological assessments were performed to examine the effects of treatments. Results: In vitro, EPO inhibited MSC apoptosis induced by serum-free medium and increased vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) release by MSC. In vivo, cardiac infarct size was significantly smaller, cardiac function significantly improved, and capillary density obviously higher in the MSC and EPO groups than in the control group. Combined treatment with EPO infusion and MSC transplantation demonstrated a further decrease in infarct size, a further improvement in cardiac function, and a further increase in capillary density compared with MSC or EPO alone. Furthermore, a higher ratio of phosphorylated Akt to total Akt was measured by Western blot; Bcl-2 was upregulated and Bax was downregulated by immunohistochemistry in the MSC-EPO group compared to the other three groups. Conclusion: Transplantation of MSC combined with EPO infusion is superior to MSC monotherapy for angiogenesis and cardiac function recovery.

© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research

Received: October 28, 2005
Accepted: August 05, 2006
Published online: November 09, 2006
Issue release date: November 2007

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 7
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0008-6312 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9751 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRD


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.