Impact of Sleep and Sleep Loss on Neuroendocrine and Metabolic Functionvan Cauter E. · Holmbäck U. · Knutson K. · Leproult R. · Miller A. · Nedeltcheva A. · Pannain S. · Penev P. · Tasali E. · Spiegel K.
aDepartments of Medicine and Health Studies, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA; bLaboratory of Physiology, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
Background: Sleep exerts important modulatory effects on neuroendocrine function and glucose regulation. During the past few decades, sleep curtailment has become a very common behavior in industrialized countries. This trend toward shorter sleep times has occurred over the same time period as the dramatic increases in the prevalence of obesity and diabetes. Aims: This article will review rapidly accumulating laboratory and epidemiologic evidence indicating that chronic partial sleep loss could play a role in the current epidemics of obesity and diabetes. Conclusions: Laboratory studies in healthy young volunteers have shown that experimental sleep restriction is associated with a dysregulation of the neuroendocrine control of appetite consistent with increased hunger and with alterations in parameters of glucose tolerance suggestive of an increased risk of diabetes. Epidemiologic findings in both children and adults are consistent with the laboratory data.
Eve Van Cauter, MD
Department of Medicine
University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Ave.
Chicago, IL 60637 (USA)
Tel. +1 773 702 0169, Fax +1 773 702 7686, E-Mail email@example.com
Published online: February 15, 2007
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 3, Number of Tables : 2, Number of References : 40
Hormone Research (From Developmental Endocrinology to Clinical Research)
Vol. 67, No. Suppl. 1, Year 2007 (Cover Date: February 2007)
Journal Editor: Czernichow, P. (Paris)
ISSN: 0301–0163 (print), 1423–0046 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/HRE