Circulating ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 Levels in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea SyndromeUrsavaş A.a · Karadağ M.a · Rodoplu E.a · Yılmaztepe A.b · Oral H.B.c · Gözü R.O.a
Departments of aPulmonary Medicine and Tuberculosis, bBiochemistry, and cMicrobiology and Infectious Diseases, Immunology Unit, Medical Faculty, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)-induced hypoxic stress modulates circulating inflammatory mediators causing accelerated atherogenesis. Objectives: We hypothesized that OSAS-induced hypoxia might result in cardiovascular disease due to increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on the endothelial surface. Methods: Thirty-nine subjects with moderate-to-severe OSAS and 34 non-apneic controls matched for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking history, and cardiovascular disease were included in this prospective study. Overnight polysomnography was performed. Circulating ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 levels in the serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Circulating levels of both ICAM-1 (480.1 ± 216.7 vs. 303.4 ± 98.6 ng/ml, p < 0.0001) and VCAM-1 (1,156.6 ± 79.8 vs. 878.8 ± 71.1 ng/ml, p = 0.002) were significantly increased in the OSAS group compared to the control group. For an ICAM-1 cutoff level of 375 ng/ml, predictive sensitivity and specificity for OSAS were 69.2% (95% confidence interval, CI: 52.4–83.0%) and 82.4% (95% CI: 65.5–93.2%), respectively. For a VCAM-1 cutoff level of 859 ng/ml, predictive sensitivity and specificity for OSAS were 74.4% (95% CI: 57.9–86.9%) and 64.7% (95% CI: 46.5–80.2%), respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between circulating levels of ICAM-1 and ln of AHI (r = 0.276, p = 0.018). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that OSAS was associated with high ICAM-1 and high VCAM-1 levels independent of age, gender, BMI, smoking status and cardiovascular disease. Conclusion: We conclude that OSAS can independently increase circulating levels of adhesion molecules.
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