Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 74, No. 5, 2007
Issue release date: August 2007
Section title: Clinical Investigations
Respiration 2007;74:525–532
(DOI:10.1159/000097770)

Circulating ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 Levels in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Ursavaş A. · Karadağ M. · Rodoplu E. · Yılmaztepe A. · Oral H.B. · Gözü R.O.
Departments of aPulmonary Medicine and Tuberculosis, bBiochemistry, and cMicrobiology and Infectious Diseases, Immunology Unit, Medical Faculty, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey

Do you have an account?

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger (new!)
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
  • Reduced rates with a PPV account
read more

Direct: USD 38.00
Account: USD 26.50

Select

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00

Select

Subscribe

  • Automatic perpetual access to all articles of the subscribed year(s)
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Investigations

Received: 5/10/2006
Accepted: 8/30/2006
Published online: 12/4/2006

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0025-7931 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0356 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/RES

Abstract

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)-induced hypoxic stress modulates circulating inflammatory mediators causing accelerated atherogenesis. Objectives: We hypothesized that OSAS-induced hypoxia might result in cardiovascular disease due to increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) on the endothelial surface. Methods: Thirty-nine subjects with moderate-to-severe OSAS and 34 non-apneic controls matched for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking history, and cardiovascular disease were included in this prospective study. Overnight polysomnography was performed. Circulating ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 levels in the serum were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: Circulating levels of both ICAM-1 (480.1 ± 216.7 vs. 303.4 ± 98.6 ng/ml, p < 0.0001) and VCAM-1 (1,156.6 ± 79.8 vs. 878.8 ± 71.1 ng/ml, p = 0.002) were significantly increased in the OSAS group compared to the control group. For an ICAM-1 cutoff level of 375 ng/ml, predictive sensitivity and specificity for OSAS were 69.2% (95% confidence interval, CI: 52.4–83.0%) and 82.4% (95% CI: 65.5–93.2%), respectively. For a VCAM-1 cutoff level of 859 ng/ml, predictive sensitivity and specificity for OSAS were 74.4% (95% CI: 57.9–86.9%) and 64.7% (95% CI: 46.5–80.2%), respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between circulating levels of ICAM-1 and ln of AHI (r = 0.276, p = 0.018). Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that OSAS was associated with high ICAM-1 and high VCAM-1 levels independent of age, gender, BMI, smoking status and cardiovascular disease. Conclusion: We conclude that OSAS can independently increase circulating levels of adhesion molecules.


  

Author Contacts

Ahmet Ursavaş, MD
Uludağ Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi
Göğüs Hastalıkları ve Tüberküloz AD
TR–16059 Görükle, Bursa (Turkey)
Tel. +90 224 442 8400 1103, Fax +90 224 442 8149, E-Mail ahmetursavas@gmail.com

  

Article Information

Received: May 10, 2006
Accepted after revision: August 30, 2006
Published online: December 4, 2006
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 3, Number of Tables : 5, Number of References : 41

  

Publication Details

Respiration (International Journal of Thoracic Medicine)

Vol. 74, No. 5, Year 2007 (Cover Date: August 2007)

Journal Editor: Bolliger, C.T. (Cape Town)
ISSN: 0025–7931 (print), 1423–0356 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/RES


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Investigations

Received: 5/10/2006
Accepted: 8/30/2006
Published online: 12/4/2006

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0025-7931 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0356 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/RES


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.