Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.

Login with Facebook

Forgot Password? Reset your password

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login (Shibboleth)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 70, No. 6, 2006
Issue release date: February 2007
Section title: Laboratory Investigation
Oncology 2006;70:458–464
(DOI:10.1159/000098873)

Overexpression of the Orotate Phosphoribosyl-Transferase Gene Enhances the Effect of 5-Fluorouracil on Gastric Cancer Cell Lines

Taomoto J.a · Yoshida K.a · Wada Y.a · Tanabe K.a · Konishi K.a · Tahara H.b · Fukushima M.c
aDepartment of Surgical Oncology, Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, bDepartment of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Division of Integrated Medical Science, Graduate School of Medical Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, and cCancer Research Laboratory, Taiho Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Tokushima, Japan

Do you have an account?

Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

CHF 38.00 *
EUR 35.00 *
USD 39.00 *

Select

KAB

Buy a Karger Article Bundle (KAB) and profit from a discount!

If you would like to redeem your KAB credit, please log in.


Save over 20% compared to the individual article price.
Learn more

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00


Select

Subscribe

  • Access to all articles of the subscribed year(s) guaranteed for 5 years
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select

* The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules.

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Laboratory Investigation

Received: May 16, 2006
Accepted: September 14, 2006
Published online: February 23, 2007
Issue release date: February 2007

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0030-2414 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0232 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/OCL

Abstract

Objective: Orotate phosphoribosyl-transferase (OPRT) is the initial enzyme of the 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) metabolic pathway, converting 5-FU into 5-fluorouridinemonophosphate, which is the most important mechanism of 5-FU activation. We therefore investigated whether overexpression of the OPRT gene enhances sensitivity to 5-FU. Methods: An expression vector of the OPRT gene (pTARGET-OPRT) was transfected into two gastric cancer cell lines, TMK-1 and MKN-45, with low baseline expression levels of OPRT. The sensitivity to and anti-tumor activity of 5-FU were then investigated in vitro and in vivo in these two transfected clones (TMK-OPRT and MKN-OPRT). Results: Although cell growth was unaltered compared to parent cells, overexpression of the OPRT gene was confirmed by Western blotting in both the TMK-OPRT and MKN-OPRT cells. OPRT enzyme activity increased 38-fold in TMK-OPRT cells and 8.0 fold in MKN-OPRT cells compared to their parent cells. Interestingly, although the sensitivity to Adriamycin, cis-platinum, mitomycin C and paclitaxel was unaltered in the transfected clones, the sensitivity to 5-FU was increased 14.2- and 6.0-fold in TMK-OPRT and MKN-OPRT cells, respectively, compared to their parent cells. Moreover, enhanced sensitivity was also confirmed in the in vivo study. Conclusion: The results indicate that overexpression of the OPRT gene plays an important role in the antiproliferative effect of 5-FU and might therefore be a predictive factor of response to 5-FU in gastric cancer patients.

© 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Laboratory Investigation

Received: May 16, 2006
Accepted: September 14, 2006
Published online: February 23, 2007
Issue release date: February 2007

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0030-2414 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0232 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/OCL


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.