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Table of Contents
Vol. 23, No. 4, 2007
Issue release date: March 2007
Section title: Original Research Article
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2007;23:219–224
(DOI:10.1159/000099472)

Caregiver Burden Associated with Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Elderly People in the Local Community

Matsumoto N.a · Ikeda M.a, b · Fukuhara R.a · Shinagawa S.a, c · Ishikawa T.a · Mori T.a · Toyota Y.a · Matsumoto T.a · Adachi H.a, d · Hirono N.e · Tanabe H.a
aDepartment of Neuropsychiatry, Neuroscience, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime, bDepartment of Psychiatry and Neuropathology, Faculty of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, cDepartment of Psychiatry, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, dOsaka University Health Care Center, Osaka, and eFaculty of Humanities and Science, Department of Human Psychology, Kobe Gakuin University, Kobe, Japan

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research Article

Received: August 21, 2006
Accepted: November 17, 2006
Published online: February 09, 2007
Issue release date: March 2007

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1420-8008 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9824 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DEM

Abstract

Background: Despite many studies about the association between caregiver burden and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), there have been no population-based studies to evaluate caregiver burden associated with each BPSD. Objective: To evaluate caregiver burden associated with the individual BPSD in elderly people living in the community. Methods: The subjects were 67 participants with dementia living with their caregivers (diagnosed in the third Nakayama study): 51 Alzheimer’s disease, 5 vascular dementia and 11 other. The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) and NPI Caregiver Distress Scale (NPI-D) were used to assess subjects’ BPSD and related caregiver distress, respectively. Results: In the subjects exhibiting BPSD, aberrant motor behavior had the highest mean NPI score, and depression/dysphoria had the lowest. Agitation/aggression had the highest mean NPI-D score, and euphoria/elation had the lowest. Delusion, agitation/aggression, apathy/indifference, irritability/lability and aberrant motor behavior showed a correlation between the NPI and NPI-D scores. Conclusion: The burden associated with BPSD is different for each symptom and does not always depend on frequency and severity of BPSD. These findings suggest that some symptoms, such as agitation/aggression and irritability/lability, may affect the caregivers significantly, although their frequency and severity are low.

© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research Article

Received: August 21, 2006
Accepted: November 17, 2006
Published online: February 09, 2007
Issue release date: March 2007

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1420-8008 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9824 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DEM


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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