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Vol. 76, No. 4, 2007
Issue release date: June 2007
Section title: Special Article
Psychother Psychosom 2007;76:196–202
(DOI:10.1159/000101497)

Computerised Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Systematic Review

Tumur I. · Kaltenthaler E. · Ferriter M. · Beverley C. · Parry G.
aSchool of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, bDepartment of Research and Development, Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust, Nottingham, and cCumbria Social Services, Civic Centre, Carlisle, UK

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Special Article

Published online: 6/14/2007

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS

Abstract

Background: Computer-guided therapy is an innovative treatment strategy that could have an important role in the future of psychological treatment. This paper summarises the available published evidence that assesses the effectiveness of a computerised cognitive behaviour therapy (CCBT) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Methods: Fifteen electronic bibliographic databases including Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Cinahl, PsycINFO, Biological Abstracts, HMIC and NHS CRD databases were comprehensively searched in March 2004: [‘obsessive compulsive disorder’ (text and indexed terms)] AND [‘cognitive therapy’ (text and indexed terms)] AND [‘computer’ (text and indexed terms)]. Reference lists of included studies, guidelines, generic research, trials registers and specialist mental health sites were hand-searched. Results: The search produced 149 citations from which we identified two RCTs and two single-arm studies with relevant data. All four studies used one software programme – BTSteps.In the large RCT, YBOCS effect sizes for BTSteps, therapist-led cognitive behaviour therapy (TCBT) and relaxation (RLX) were 0.84, 1.22, and 0.35, respectively. The smaller RCT found significantly better outcomes with brief scheduled support compared to brief on-demand phone support. Conclusions: BTSteps was as good as TCBT for reducing time spent in rituals and obsessions and for improving the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSA), and was superior to RLX treatment. The available evidence also showed that improvement of OCD persisted beyond the end of CCBT. TCBT was more effective than CCBT for all patients overall though not in those who went on to start self-exposure. Such a system has the potential to widen the access to CBT in general and considerably shorten clinician-guided care.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Special Article

Published online: 6/14/2007

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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