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Vol. 215, No. 4, 2007
Issue release date: October 2007

Pulse Corticosteroid Therapy for Alopecia Areata: Study of 139 Patients

Nakajima T. · Inui S. · Itami S.
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Background/Aim: Recent reports of pulse corticosteroid therapy for alopecia areata (AA) show its efficacy for patients with a history of ≤1 year but not for recalcitrant cases or alopecia totalis/universalis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of pulse corticosteroid therapy for recent-onset AA patients. Method: A total of 139 severe AA patients aged >15 years were included in this study. The duration from the onset of active hair loss was within 12 months for 125 (89.9%) of those patients. Results: Of the patients, 72.7% had hair loss on >50% of their scalp area. Among the recent-onset group (duration of AA ≤6 months), 59.4% were good responders (>75% regrowth of alopecia lesions), while 15.8% with >6 months duration showed a good response. Recent-onset AA patients with less severe disease (≤50% hair loss) responded at a rate of 88.0%, but only 21.4% of recent-onset patients with 100% hair loss responded. No serious adverse effects were observed.

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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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