Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 10, No. 5-6, 1991
Issue release date: 1991
Neuroepidemiology 1991;10:251–259
(DOI:10.1159/000110281)

Relationship of Hospitalized Stroke Rate and In-Hospital Mortality to the Decline in US Stroke Mortality

Howard G. · Craven T.E. · Sanders L. · Evans G.W.
Departments of Public Health Science and Neurology, and Stroke Center, Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, N.C., USA

Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information











I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Abstract

Data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey was used to estimate the admission rate and in-hospital mortality for US stroke patients from 1970 to 1987. Over this period the hospital admission rate increased from 5.0 per 1,000 population to 5.5 per 1,000, while the in-hospital mortality fell from 18.6 to 10.0% of discharges. When patients experiencing general or late effects or transient ischemic attacks were excluded, the hospital admission rate increased from 2.8 to 4.8 per 1,000 and in-hospital mortality fell from 26 to 12% of discharges. Admission rates increased from 1970 to 1987 for both hemorrhagic strokes and cerebral infarctions, but fell for ill-defined cerebrovascular events, presumably reflecting increased use of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging during this period. Mortality for hemorrhagic strokes decreased from 45 to 30% of discharges, mortality for infarctions decreased from 24 to 13 % and mortality for ill-defined events fell from 24 to 17%. There are several limitations with the use of the National Hospital Discharge Survey data to estimate changes in hospital admission rates and in-hospital mortality. However, these data suggest a greater role for decreasing case fatality in explaining nationwide declines in stroke mortality rates than has generally been acknowledged.



Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.


Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 38.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 26.50