Postnatal Development of the Complexes of the Electron Transport Chain in Synaptic Mitochondria from Rat BrainAlmeida A. · Brooks K.J. · Sammut I. · Keelan J. · Davey G.P. · Clark J.B. · Bates T.E.
Department of Neurochemistry, Institute of Neurology, University of London, London, and Northwick Park Institute for Medical Research, Northwick Park Hospital, Harrow, UK
The postnatal development of the complexes of the electron transport chain in mitochondria isolated from rat brain synaptosomes was investigated. Synaptosomal brain mitochondria were isolated from rats aged 10–60 days, and the activities of mitochondrial complex I, complex Il-III, complex IV and complex V were measured. There was a significant increase in the activity of complex V from day 10 to day 60 post partum, and in the activities of complex II-III from day 10 to day 15 and complex IV from day 10 to day 21, thereafter the activities of complexes I–III and IV did not change significantly. The activity of complex I did not change significantly during the period 10–60 days post partum. In synaptic mitochondria, complex V activity was higher than in non-synaptic mitochondria, whereas the activity of complex I was lower than in non-synaptic mitochondria. These data show that the complexes of the respiratory chain within synaptic mitochondria have activities different from those of non-synaptic mitochondria and may have major implications for the relative susceptibility of mitochondria in different brain cell types to neurotoxins such as MPP+, hypoxic/ischaemic damage and oxidative stress.
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