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Vol. 94, No. 2, 2008
Issue release date: August 2008
Section title: Short Communication
Neonatology 2008;94:75–78
(DOI:10.1159/000113535)

Maternal Smoking during Pregnancy Increases the Risk of Postnatal Infections in Preterm Neonates

Jeppesen D.L. · Nielsen S.D. · Ersbøll A.K. · Valerius N.H.
Departments of aPaediatrics and bInfectious Diseases, Copenhagen University Hospital Hvidovre, Hvidovre, and cDepartment of Large Animal Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Short Communication

Received: 5/22/2007
Accepted: 11/16/2007
Published online: 1/22/2008

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 1661-7800 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-7819 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEO

Abstract

Background: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is known to be associated with perinatal complications such as preterm delivery, low birth weight, and sudden infant death syndrome. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of smoking during pregnancy on the risk of postnatal infections in preterm neonates. Method: We examined 80 preterm infants (gestational age 24–36 weeks), of whom 40% had been exposed to tobacco smoking during pregnancy. Results: Infections occurred in 31 infants. Gestational age and maternal smoking had a significant effect on the occurrence of infections (p < 0.001 and p = 0.015, respectively). An increase in maternal tobacco consumption by 10 cigarettes/day showed an odds ratio of 2.7 (95% confidence interval 1.1–6.4) for occurrence of infections. Conclusions: A significant association between maternal use of tobacco and the occurrence of infections in preterm neonates was found. Thus, campaigns about the damaging effects of tobacco are still warranted.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Short Communication

Received: 5/22/2007
Accepted: 11/16/2007
Published online: 1/22/2008

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 1661-7800 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-7819 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEO


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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