- Chronic hepatitis C
- PEG interferon
- Combination therapy
- Eicosapentaenoic acid
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) against ribavirin (RBV)-associated hemolytic anemia during the first 12 weeks in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) combination therapy. Methods: This study was a prospective open-label, randomized controlled trial. 100 HCV patients were randomized to either the EPA group (n = 49) or non-EPA group (n = 51) who received combination therapy with or without EPA. We compared the changes in hemoglobin level and RBV plasma concentrations at week 12 in each group with RBV dose reduction rate and performed multivariate analysis to identify independent variables associated with RBV dose reduction. Results: 8 patients (17%) in the EPA group and 20 patients (29%) in the non-EPA group required RBV dose reduction, respectively. The cumulative RBV reduction rate was significantly lower in the EPA group than in the non-EPA group (p = 0.017), while the decrease of hemoglobin and RBV plasma concentrations from baseline was not significantly different. However, in the multivariate analysis, treatment with EPA showed significant variables for the reduction of RBV dose (odds ratio 3.235, p = 0.023). Conclusion: EPA could prevent the RBV dose reduction during the first 12 weeks in combination therapy, although further large-scale double-blind randomized controlled trials are required.
Copyright © 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
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Shintaro Takaki, Department of Medicine and Molecular Science
Division of Frontier Medical Science, Programs for Biomedical Research
Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University
1-2-3, Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551 (Japan)
Tel. +81 82 257 5192, Fax +81 82 257 5194, E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: April 17, 2007
Accepted after revision: November 20, 2007
Published online: February 4, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 4, Number of Tables : 5, Number of References : 38
Intervirology (International Journal of Basic and Medical Virology)
Vol. 50, No. 6, Year 2007 (Cover Date: February 2008)
Journal Editor: Liebert, U.G. (Leipzig)
ISSN: 0300–5526 (Print), eISSN: 1423–0100 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/INT
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