Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 20, No. 1-2, 1982
Issue release date: 1982
Brain Behav Evol 1982;20:84–96
(DOI:10.1159/000121583)

Encephalization in Mammals in Relation to the Size of the Cerebral Cortex

Hofman M.A.
Netherlands Institute for Brain Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information











I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Abstract

A new index of encephalization has been proposed based on a reanalysis of the brain-body weight relationship in mammals. The new index, c, is related to the volume of the whole brain as well as to the surface and volume of the cerebral cortex. From an evolutionary point of view the index-cortex relationship is particularly interesting, since the structure of the brain which contributes most to its evolutionary progression is the cerebral cortex. A theory of corticalization has been developed in which the surface of the cerebral cortex is analyzed into two components, Sb, determined by the size of the animal, and Se, associated with an increase in the information-processing capacity. An analogue division has been performed for the cortical volume. Furthermore, an inquiry has been made into the brain structure which can serve as an estimator of body weight. The medulla oblongata appears to be such a structure.



Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.


Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 9.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 8.00