Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 55, No. 1, 2009
Issue release date: January 2009
Section title: Clinical Section
Gerontology 2009;55:41–48
(DOI:10.1159/000140681)

Training and Detraining Effects on Functional Fitness after a Multicomponent Training in Older Women

Carvalho M.J. · Marques E. · Mota J.
Research Centre in Physical Activity Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal

Do you have an account?

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger (new!)
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
  • Reduced rates with a PPV account
read more

Direct: USD 38.00
Account: USD 26.50

Select

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restriction apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00

Select

Subscribe

  • Automatic perpetual access to all articles of the subscribed year(s)
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Section

Received: 10/10/2007
Accepted: 3/11/2008
Published online: 6/19/2008

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER

Abstract

Background: Several studies have been carried out in order to evaluate the potential influence of increased physical activity on the health, biological ageing and functional ability of the elderly. However, only limited information is available on the effects of multicomponent training and detraining on functional performance. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of 8-month multicomponent training and 3-month detraining on the functional fitness of older women. Methods: Fifty-seven women were randomly assigned to an exercise (n = 32; 68.4 ± 2.93 years) or a control group (n = 25; 69.6 ± 4.20 years). The training program consisted of 2 sessions per week of aerobic, strength, balance and flexibility exercises. The functional fitness test battery was performed to assess the physical parameters associated with independent functioning in older adults. Results: No significant changes were observed in body mass index and cardiovascular endurance as a result of the exercise training. Training induced significant (p < 0.05) improvements in chair stand (27.3%), arm curl (17.4%), chair sit-and-reach (17.4%), up-and-go (11%) and back scratch (14.5%) tests. However, both upper and lower body strength and upper and lower flexibility declined significantly after detraining in the exercise group. Conclusion: The results of this study highlight the negative effects of interrupting exercise on several physical parameters of functional fitness.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Section

Received: 10/10/2007
Accepted: 3/11/2008
Published online: 6/19/2008

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

References

  1. Stewart KJ: Physical activity and aging. Ann NY Acad Sci 2005;1055:193–206.
  2. Toraman NF, Erman A, Agyar E: Effects of multicomponent training on functional fitness in older adults. J Aging Phys Act 2004;12:538–553.
  3. Fatouros IG, Kambas A, Katrabasas I, Nikolaidis K, Chatzinikolaou A, Leontsini D, Taxildaris K: Strength training and detraining effects on muscular strength, anaerobic power, and mobility of inactive older men are intensity dependent. Br J Sports Med 2005;39:776–780.
  4. Nelson ME, Layne JE, Bernstein MJ, Nuernberger A, Castaneda C, Kaliton D, Hausdorff J, Judge JO, Buchner DM, Roubenoff R, Fiatarone Singh MA: The effects of multidimensional home-based exercise on functional performance in elderly people. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2004;59:154–160.
  5. Barbosa AR, Santarem JM, Filho WJ, Marucci Mde F: Effects of resistance training on the sit-and-reach test in elderly women. J Strength Cond Res 2002;16:14–18.
  6. Schlicht J, Camaione DN, Owen SV: Effect of intense strength training on standing balance, walking speed, and sit-to-stand performance in older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2001;56:M281–M286.
  7. ACSM: American college of sports medicine position stand. Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1998;30:992–1008.
  8. McDermott AY, Mernitz H: Exercise and older patients: prescribing guidelines. Am Fam Physician 2006;74:437–444.
  9. Cress ME, Buchner D, Prohaska T, Rimmer J, Brown M, Macera C, DePietro L, Chodzko-Zajko W: Best practices for physcial activity programs and behavior counseling in older adults populations. Eur Rev Aging Phys Act 2006;3:34–42.

    External Resources

  10. Toraman NF, Ayceman N: Effects of six weeks of detraining on retention of functional fitness of old people after nine weeks of multicomponent training. Br J Sports Med 2005;39:565–568; discussion 568.
  11. Toraman NF: Short term and long term detraining: Is there any difference between young-old and old people? Br J Sports Med 2005;39:561–564.
  12. Taaffe DR, Marcus R: Dynamic muscle strength alterations to detraining and retraining in elderly men. Clin Physiol 1997;17:311–324.
  13. Sforzo GA, McManis BG, Black D, Luniewski D, Scriber KC: Resilience to exercise detraining in healthy older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 1995;43:209–215.
  14. Fatouros IG, Kambas A, Katrabasas I, Leontsini D, Chatzinikolaou A, Jamurtas AZ, Douroudos I, Aggelousis N, Taxildaris K: Resistance training and detraining effects on flexibility performance in the elderly are intensity-dependent. J Strength Cond Res 2006;20:634–642.
  15. Hakkinen K, Alen M, Kallinen M, Newton RU, Kraemer WJ: Neuromuscular adaptation during prolonged strength training, detraining and re-strength-training in middle-aged and elderly people. Eur J Appl Physiol 2000;83:51–62.
  16. Ivey FM, Tracy BL, Lemmer JT, NessAiver M, Metter EJ, Fozard JL, Hurley BF: Effects of strength training and detraining on muscle quality: Age and gender comparisons. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2000;55:B152–B157, discussion B158–B159.
  17. Lemmer JT, Hurlbut DE, Martel GF, Tracy BL, Ivey FM, Metter EJ, Fozard JL, Fleg JL, Hurley BF: Age and gender responses to strength training and detraining. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000;32:1505–1512.
  18. Elliott KJ, Sale C, Cable NT: Effects of resistance training and detraining on muscle strength and blood lipid profiles in postmenopausal women. Br J Sports Med 2002;36:340–344.
  19. Smith K, Winegard K, Hicks AL, McCartney N: Two years of resistance training in older men and women: the effects of three years of detraining on the retention of dynamic strength. Can J Appl Physiol 2003;28:462–474.
  20. Porter MM, Nelson ME, Fiatarone Singh MA, Layne JE, Morganti CM, Trice I, Economos CD, Roubenoff R, Evans WJ: Effects of long-term resistance training and detraining on strength and physical activity in older women. J Aging Phys Activ 2002;10:260–270.
  21. Teixeira-Salmela LF, Santiago L, Lima RC, Lana DM, Camargos FF, Cassiano JG: Functional performance and quality of life related to training and detraining of community-dwelling elderly. Disabil Rehabil 2005;27:1007–1012.
  22. Tokmakidis SP, Volaklis KA: Training and detraining effects of a combined-strength and aerobic exercise program on blood lipids in patients with coronary artery disease. J Cardiopulm Rehabil 2003;23:193–200.
  23. Fatouros IG, Jamurtas AZ, Villiotou V, Pouliopoulou S, Fotinakis P, Taxildaris K, Deliconstantinos G: Oxidative stress responses in older men during endurance training and detraining. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2004;36:2065–2072.
  24. Rikli RE, Jones CJ: Development and validation of a funcional fitness test for comunity-residing older adults. J Aging Phys Activ 1999;7:129–161.
  25. Borg G: Perceived Exertion and Pain Scales. Champaign, Human Kinetics, 1998.
  26. Thomas JR, Nelson JK, Silverman SJ: Research Methods in Physical Activity. Champaign, Human Kinetics, 2005.
  27. Spirduso WW: Physical Dimensions of Aging. Champaign, Human Kinetics, 1995.
  28. ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, ed 6. Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000.
  29. Larsson L: Histochemical characteristics of human skeletal muscle during aging. Acta Physiol Scand 1983;117:469–471.
  30. Toraman F, Sahin G: Age responses to multicomponent training programme in older adults. Disabil Rehabil 2004;26:448–454.
  31. Herriott MT, Colberg SR, Parson HK, Nunnold T, Vinik AI: Effects of 8 weeks of flexibility and resistance training in older adults with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2004;27:2988–2989.
  32. Girouard CK, Hurley BF: Does strength training inhibit gains in range of motion from flexibility training in older adults? Med Sci Sports Exerc 1995;27:1444–1449.
  33. Shephard RJ: Exercise and aging: extending independence in older adults. Geriatrics 1993;48:61–64.
  34. Capodaglio P, Capodaglio EM, Ferri A, Scaglioni G, Marchi A, Saibene F: Muscle function and functional ability improves more in community-dwelling older women with a mixed-strength training programme. Age Ageing 2005;34:141–147.
  35. Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR, Trueblood PR, Loy S, Harker JO, Pietruszka FM, Robbins AS: Effects of a group exercise program on strength, mobility, and falls among fall-prone elderly men. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2000;55:M317–M321.
  36. Ryushi T, Kumagai K, Hayase H, Abe T, Shibuya K, Ono A: Effect of resistive knee extension training on postural control measures in middle aged and elderly persons. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci 2000;19:143–149.
  37. Bouchard C, Depres JP, Tremblay A: Exercise and obesity. Obes Res 1993;1:133–147.
  38. Stefanick ML: Exercise and weight control. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 1993;21:363–396.
  39. Carmeli E, Reznick AZ, Coleman R, Carmeli V: Muscle strength and mass of lower extremities in relation to functional abilities in elderly adults. Gerontology 2000;46:249–257.
  40. Plasqui G, Westerterp KR: Seasonal variation in total energy expenditure and physical activity in dutch young adults. Obes Res 2004;12:688–694.