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Table of Contents
Vol. 55, No. 1, 2009
Issue release date: January 2009
Section title: Clinical Section
Gerontology 2009;55:41–48
(DOI:10.1159/000140681)

Training and Detraining Effects on Functional Fitness after a Multicomponent Training in Older Women

Carvalho M.J. · Marques E. · Mota J.
Research Centre in Physical Activity Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Section

Received: 10/10/2007
Accepted: 3/11/2008
Published online: 6/19/2008

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER

Abstract

Background: Several studies have been carried out in order to evaluate the potential influence of increased physical activity on the health, biological ageing and functional ability of the elderly. However, only limited information is available on the effects of multicomponent training and detraining on functional performance. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of 8-month multicomponent training and 3-month detraining on the functional fitness of older women. Methods: Fifty-seven women were randomly assigned to an exercise (n = 32; 68.4 ± 2.93 years) or a control group (n = 25; 69.6 ± 4.20 years). The training program consisted of 2 sessions per week of aerobic, strength, balance and flexibility exercises. The functional fitness test battery was performed to assess the physical parameters associated with independent functioning in older adults. Results: No significant changes were observed in body mass index and cardiovascular endurance as a result of the exercise training. Training induced significant (p < 0.05) improvements in chair stand (27.3%), arm curl (17.4%), chair sit-and-reach (17.4%), up-and-go (11%) and back scratch (14.5%) tests. However, both upper and lower body strength and upper and lower flexibility declined significantly after detraining in the exercise group. Conclusion: The results of this study highlight the negative effects of interrupting exercise on several physical parameters of functional fitness.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Section

Received: 10/10/2007
Accepted: 3/11/2008
Published online: 6/19/2008

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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