Long-Term Extracorporeal Bilirubin Elimination: A Case Report on Cascade Resin PlasmaperfusionMertens P.R. · Schönfelder T. · Handt S. · Kierdorf H. · Marschall H.-U. · Busch N. · Heintz B. · Sieberth H.-G.
Acute hepatic failure develops as a disease entity of rather diverse origin. With disease progression, toxic bilirubin levels may cause severe complications which include AV-nodal blockage, cardiac arrhythmia, impaired consciousness, generalized seizures, and status epilepticus. Treatment choices to prevent clinical deterioration comprise of costly and limited available orthotopic liver transplantation, utilization of extracorporeal bioartificial liver support devices and haemoperfusion/plasmaperfusion treatment with activated charcoal/anion exchange filters. Here, we present a patient with acute drug-induced cholestatic hepatitis. Excessively elevated bilirubin levels were accompanied by cardiac and cerebral complications. Extracorporeal resin perfusion treatment (Plasorba, BR–350) was successfully performed over a 50-day period without activation of the coagulation system or side effects. Bilirubin levels were lowered to a minimum of 225 μmol/l, with concurrent clinical improvement. In conclusion, extracorporeal anion exchange plasmaperfusion may be a viable long-term treatment for hyperbilirubinaemic side effects in overt cholestatic hepatitis.
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