- Dietary supplements
- Nutrient intake
- Fatty acids
- Vitamin D
Background: Use of dietary supplements during pregnancy may give an important contribution to nutrient intake, and for nutrients like folate and vitamin D supplements are recommended. Our objective was to study use and contribution of dietary supplement to nutrient intake among women participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). Methods: This study is based on 40,108 women participating in MoBa which is conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. The women had filled inversion 2 of the food frequency questionnaire in MoBa between February 2002 and February 2005. Results: 81% reported use of one or more dietary supplements. The most commonly used category was cod liver oil/fish oil supplements (59%) followed by singular folic acid supplements (36%) and multivitamin/multimineral supplements (31%). The nutrient contribution of the dietary supplements varied from 65% for folate and vitamin D to 1% for potassium among supplement users. The dietary intake of vitamin D, folate, iodine and iron did not reach the Nordic Recommendations for pregnant women. Conclusions: Use of supplements improved the intake of folate, iron and vitamin D, but not sufficiently to reach the recommended amounts.
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Department of Food Safety and Nutrition, Division of Environmental Medicine
Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404
NO–0403 Oslo (Norway)
Tel. + 47 210 765 63, Fax +47 210 762 43, E-Mail email@example.com
Received: November 19, 2007
Accepted: March 26, 2008
Published online: July 22, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 9
Number of Figures : 1, Number of Tables : 5, Number of References : 43
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism (Journal of Nutrition, Metabolic Diseases and Dietetics)
Vol. 52, No. 4, Year 2008 (Cover Date: September 2008)
Journal Editor: Elmadfa I. (Vienna)
ISSN: 0250–6807 (Print), eISSN: 1421–9697 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM
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