Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 54, No. 5, 2008
Issue release date: October 2008
Gerontology 2008;54:268–271
(DOI:10.1159/000148649)

Superior Endurance Performance in Aging Mountain Runners

Burtscher M. · Förster H. · Burtscher J.
aDepartment of Sport Sciences, Medical Section, University of Innsbruck, bAustrian Society for Mountain Medicine, and cFaculty of Business Administration, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria

Individual Users: Register with Karger Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information











I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Abstract

Background: Oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold (VO2AT) is considered as the main determinant for endurance performance in humans. Endurance performance steeply decreases with aging but seems to be kept exceedingly high in elite mountain runners. Methods: To obtain the age- and gender-related upper limits of endurance performance in this sport, we analyzed the results of the World Masters Athletic Championships in Mountain Running 2007. Additionally, to investigate the relationship between the individual VO2AT values and running times, laboratory tests were performed in 10 mountain runners. Results: The World Championships race times of the first 5 finishers of the 5-year age groups did not differ significantly from 35 to 49 years. The corresponding mean (± SD) values of the VO2AT were 68.0 ± 1.7 ml/min/kg in males and 58.1 ± 1.9 ml/min/kg in females. In the following age groups up to 70+ there was a decrease in the VO2AT of 29.1% in males and 33.9% in females. Conclusion: Thus, at the beginning of the 3rd millennium, elite mountain runners demonstrate that VO2AT and probably also VO2max may be held at top levels in humans up to the age of 45–49 years in both sexes. Despite the following decrease, endurance capacity remains about 3.5-fold higher in elite mountain runners up to 70+ years when compared to their untrained peers.



Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

References

  1. Tanaka H, Seals DR: Dynamic exercise performance in masters athletes: insights into the effects of primary human aging on physiological functional capacity. J Appl Physiol 2003;95:2152–2162.
  2. Åstrand PO, Rohdal K, Dahl HA, Strømme SR: Textbook of Work Physiology: Physiological Basis of Exercise, ed 4. Champaign, Human Kinetics, 2003.
  3. Allen WK, Seals DR, Hurley BF, Ehsani AA, Hagberg JM: Lactate threshold and distance-running performance in young and older endurance athletes. J Appl Physiol 1985;58:1281–1284.
  4. Wasserman K, Hansen JE, Sue DY, Casaburi R, Whipp BJ: Principles of Exercise Testing and Interpretation. Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1999.
  5. Morgan DW, Bransford DR, Costill DL, Daniels JT, Howley ET, Krahenbuhl GS: Variation in the aerobic demand of running among trained and untrained subjects. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1995;27:404–489.
  6. Saunders PU, Pyne DB, Telford RD, Hawley JA: Factors affecting running economy in trained distance runners. Sports Med 2004;34:465–485.
  7. Lucía A, Hoyos J, Pérez M, Santalla A, Chicharro JL: Inverse relationship between VO2max and economy/efficiency in world-class cyclists. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2002;34:2079–2084.
  8. Solberg G, Robstad B, Sjjonsberg O, Borchsenius F: Respiratory gas exchange indices for estimating the anaerobic threshold. J Sports Sci Med 2005;4:29–36.

    External Resources

  9. American College of Sports Medicine: Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1995.
  10. Tanaka H, Higuchi M: Age, exercise performance, and physiological functional capacities. Adv Exerc Sports Physiol 1998;4:51–56.


Pay-per-View Options
Direct payment This item at the regular price: USD 33.00
Payment from account With a Karger Pay-per-View account (down payment USD 150) you profit from a special rate for this and other single items.
This item at the discounted price: USD 23.00