Background/Aims: Behavioural and psychological symptoms have a high prevalence amongst patients with dementia and can be a significant source of distress to both patients and carers. The present study explored the relationships between quality of life and behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD) from both patient and carer perspectives. Contextual factors surrounding the occurrence of BPSD were explored. Methods: Forty-six patients and 116 carers completed questionnaire measures of BPSD and quality of life. Results: BPSD were negatively associated with both patient and carer ratings of patient quality of life. The symptoms related to lower quality of life differed between patient and carer ratings: depression and irritability were found to predict lower carer ratings of quality of life, whilst delusions and apathy indicated lower patient ratings. Carers were found to be poor at identifying antecedents and consequences of BPSD. Conclusions: The presence of BPSD is associated with lower quality of life in dementia. Interventions designed to improve the quality of life for patients should focus on the BPSD specifically associated with the patient’s rating of quality of life. Information regarding the role of contextual factors in behaviour management should be made available to carers.
© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
- Quality of life
- Dementia, behavioural and psychological symptoms
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Antecedents, behaviour and consequences
- Patient report
- Carer report
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Dr. Catherine Hurt
King’s College London, Institute of Psychiatry
Department of Psychology PO77
De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF (UK)
Tel. +44 20 7848 0923, Fax +44 20 7848 5006, E-Mail Catherine.firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: May 12, 2008
Published online: August 4, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 9
Number of Figures : 3, Number of Tables : 4, Number of References : 41
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Vol. 26, No. 2, Year 2008 (Cover Date: September 2008)
Journal Editor: Chan-Palay V. (New York, N.Y.)
ISSN: 1420–8008 (Print), eISSN: 1421–9824 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DEM
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