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History of Neonatal Resuscitation – Part 3: Endotracheal Intubation

Obladen M.
Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, Germany Neonatology 2009;95:198–202 (DOI:10.1159/000155650)


Endotracheal intubation to resuscitate neonates was used by Scheel in 1798. A century before endotracheal anesthesia was developed, inventive obstetricians constructed devices for endotracheal intubation of infants and mastered their insertion, localization, and airtight sealing. Fell’s laryngoscope, Magill’s intubation forceps and tissue-friendly materials were significant contributions of the 20th century to endotracheal intubation of the newborn. The striking absence of scientific studies on the most efficient resuscitation techniques for neonates can be explained by the difficulty to adjust for the personal skills of the resuscitator.


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