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Secretin is an endocrine hormone that stimulates the secretion of bicarbonate-rich pancreatic fluids. Recently, it has been discussed that secretin deficiency may be implicated in autistic syndrome, suggesting that the hormone could have a neuroendocrine function in addition to its role in digestion. In the present study, the human secretin gene (SCT) was isolated from a bacterial artificial chromosome genomic library. SCT contains four exons, with the protein coding regions spanning 713 bp of genomic DNA. Human SCT is similar structurally to the secretin genes of other species. Amino acid conservation, however, is most pronounced within the exon encoding the biologically active mature peptide. Northern blot analysis shows that human SCT transcripts are located in the spleen, intestinal tract, and brain. Radiation hybrid mapping places the SCT locus on chromosome 11p15.5.
Copyright © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel
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