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Vol. 10, No. 5, 1999
Issue release date: September–October 1999
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 1999;10:364–367

What Criteria Should Be Used for the Diagnosis of Delirium?

Liptzin B.
Department of Psychiatry, Baystate Health System, Springfield, Mass. andDepartment of Psychiatry, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass., USA

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DSM-IV made several revisions to the diagnostic criteria for delirium. This paper reviews the empirical data that supported these revisions. More research is needed to evaluate the usefulness of the new criteria and to further define subtypes of delirium.

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    External Resources

  3. Liptzin B, Levkoff SE, Gottlieb G, Johnson J: Delirium. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 1993;5:154–160.
  4. Liptzin B, Levkoff SE, Gottlieb G, Johnson J: Delirium; in Widiger TA, Frances AJ, Pincus HA, First MG, Ross R, Davis W (eds): DSM-IV Sourcebook. Washington, American Psychiatric Press, 1994, vol 1, pp 199–212.
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  7. Albert MS, Levkoff SE, Reilly CH, Liptzin B, Pilgrim D, Cleary PD, Evans D, Rowe JW: The delirium symptom interview: An interview for the detection of delirium in hospitalized patients. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 1992;5:14–21.
  8. Francis J, Martin D, Kapoor WN: A prospective study of delirium in hospitalized elderly. JAMA 1990;8:1097–1101.
  9. Liptzin B, Levkoff SE, Cleary PD, Pilgrim DM, Reilly CH, Albert M, Wetle TT: An empirical study of diagnostic criteria for delirium. Am J Psychiatry 1991;148:454–457.
  10. Levkoff SE, Evans DA, Liptzin B, Cleary PD, Lipsitz LA, Wetle TT, Reilly CH, Pilgrim DM, Schor J, Rowe J: Delirium – the occurrence and persistence of symptoms among elderly hospitalized patients. Arch Intern Med 1992;152:334–340.
  11. Liptzin B, Levkoff SE: An empirical study of delirium subtypes. Br J Psychiatry 1992;161:843–845.
  12. Levkoff SE, Liptzin B, Cleary P, Wetle T, Evans D, Rowe J, Lipsitz L: Subsyndromal delirium. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 1996;4:320–329.

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