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Vol. 11, No. 3, 2000
Issue release date: May–June 2000
Section title: Original Research Article
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2000;11:147–152
(DOI:10.1159/000017228)

A 2-Year Follow-Up of Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms in Alzheimer’s Disease

Haupt M. · Kurz A. · Jänner M.
aPsychiatrische Klinik der Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, und bPsychiatrische Klinik der Technischen Universität München, Deutschland

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research Article

Published online: 4/19/2000

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1420-8008 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9824 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DEM

Abstract

Background: The aim was to examine the longitudinal occurrence and persistence of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Methods: Following 60 patients with mild to severe AD over a period of 2 years with annual evaluations, the prospective occurrence and persistence of BPSD in AD were determined by using the Behavioural Abnormalities in AD Rating scale (BEHAVE-AD). Clinical and demographic features of the AD patients were analysed for their association with course features of these symptoms. Results: All of the 60 AD patients experienced BPSD at some point during the 2-year period, particularly agitation was present in every patient within this period. 2-year persistence of BPSD in AD was frequently observed in patients with agitation and with depressiveness, with less frequency in patients with anxiety and aggressiveness, but not in patients with delusions or hallucinations. 2-year persistent aggressiveness was associated with older age and more functional impairment. More functional impairment was also related to 2-year non-persistent hallucinations. Conclusions: Counselling AD patients and their families and tailoring therapeutic strategies should take into account the different modi of BPSD in AD occurring and persisting longitudinally and interacting with functional disturbances.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research Article

Published online: 4/19/2000

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1420-8008 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9824 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DEM


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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