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Table of Contents
Vol. 42, No. 1, 2009
Issue release date: January 2009
Section title: Review
Free Access
Psychopathology 2009;42:11–21
(DOI:10.1159/000173699)

The Influence of Postnatal Psychiatric Disorder on Child Development

Is Maternal Preoccupation One of the Key Underlying Processes?

Stein A.a · Lehtonen A.a · Harvey A.G.b · Nicol-Harper R.a · Craske M.c
aDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; bDepartment of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, Calif., and cDepartment of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, Calif., USA
email Corresponding Author

Abstract

There is considerable evidence that maternal postnatal psychiatric disorder has an adverse influence on infant development. In attempting to examine the pathways of intergenerational transmission, most research has concentrated on genetic factors or on maternal behaviours during mother-child interaction and attachment. However, researchers have largely ignored the possible role of maternal cognition underlying behaviour, especially the thought and attentional processes involved in psychiatric disorders. This paper argues that a particular form of maternal cognition, namely ‘preoccupation’, is one key, but under-recognised, mechanism in the transmission of psychiatric disturbance. We propose that preoccupation interferes with specific aspects of mental functioning, especially attention and responsivity to the environment. This impairs the mother’s parenting capacities and adversely affects mother-child interaction and child development.

© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Key Words

  • Intergenerational transmission
  • Preoccupation
  • Worry
  • Rumination
  • Mother-child interaction
  • Postnatal psychiatric disorder

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Author Contacts

Professor Alan Stein
University of Oxford, Department of Psychiatry
Warneford Hospital
Oxford OX3 7JX (UK)
Tel. +44 1865 223 911, Fax +44 1865 226 384, E-Mail alan.stein@psych.ox.ac.uk

  

Article Information

Received: July 19, 2007
Accepted after revision: April 17, 2008
Published online: November 20, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 11
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 141

  

Publication Details

Psychopathology (International Journal of Descriptive and Experimental Psychopathology, Phenomenology and Psychiatric Diagnosis)

Vol. 42, No. 1, Year 2009 (Cover Date: January 2009)

Journal Editor: Mundt C. (Heidelberg), Akiskal H.S. (San Diego, Calif.), Mezzich J.E. (New York, N.Y.)
ISSN: 0254–4962 (Print), eISSN: 1423–033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP


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Abstract

There is considerable evidence that maternal postnatal psychiatric disorder has an adverse influence on infant development. In attempting to examine the pathways of intergenerational transmission, most research has concentrated on genetic factors or on maternal behaviours during mother-child interaction and attachment. However, researchers have largely ignored the possible role of maternal cognition underlying behaviour, especially the thought and attentional processes involved in psychiatric disorders. This paper argues that a particular form of maternal cognition, namely ‘preoccupation’, is one key, but under-recognised, mechanism in the transmission of psychiatric disturbance. We propose that preoccupation interferes with specific aspects of mental functioning, especially attention and responsivity to the environment. This impairs the mother’s parenting capacities and adversely affects mother-child interaction and child development.

© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Author Contacts

Professor Alan Stein
University of Oxford, Department of Psychiatry
Warneford Hospital
Oxford OX3 7JX (UK)
Tel. +44 1865 223 911, Fax +44 1865 226 384, E-Mail alan.stein@psych.ox.ac.uk

  

Article Information

Received: July 19, 2007
Accepted after revision: April 17, 2008
Published online: November 20, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 11
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 141

  

Publication Details

Psychopathology (International Journal of Descriptive and Experimental Psychopathology, Phenomenology and Psychiatric Diagnosis)

Vol. 42, No. 1, Year 2009 (Cover Date: January 2009)

Journal Editor: Mundt C. (Heidelberg), Akiskal H.S. (San Diego, Calif.), Mezzich J.E. (New York, N.Y.)
ISSN: 0254–4962 (Print), eISSN: 1423–033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review

Received: 7/19/2007
Accepted: 4/17/2008
Published online: 11/20/2008
Issue release date: January 2009

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP


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