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A Preoperative Prognostic Score for Resected Pancreatic and Periampullary Neuroendocrine Tumours

Sakka N.a · Smith R.A.a · Whelan P.a · Ghaneh P.a · Sutton R.a · Raraty M.a · Campbell F.b · Neoptolemos J.P.a
aDivision of Surgery and Oncology, School of Cancer Studies, University of Liverpool, and bDepartment of Pathology, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK Pancreatology 2009;9:670–676 (DOI:10.1159/000181179)

Abstract

Background/Aims: To identify potential preoperative prognostic factors in resected pancreatic and periampullary neuroendocrine tumours. Methods: Clinico-pathological data for 54 consecutive patients with pancreatic or periampullary neuroendocrine tumours referred to our institution over a 10-year period were identified from a prospective database. Results: 34 patients underwent pancreatic resection (12 males, 22 females; median age 54 (IQR 44–71) years). There was a single 30-day mortality (3%). Nodal status (log rank, p = 0.652), microscopic resection margin involvement (p = 0.549) and tumour size (p = 0.122) failed to exhibit any prognostic value. Only the presence of malignant tumour characteristics was associated with poorer overall survival (p = 0.008). Analysis of preoperative parameters showed that age >60 years (p = 0.056), platelet-lymphocyte ratio >300 (p = 0.008), alkaline phosphatase levels >125 U/l (p = 0.042) and alanine aminotransferase >35 U/l (p = 0.016) were adverse prognostic factors. A risk stratification score was generated where each adverse preoperative parameter was allocated a score of 1. A cumulative score of ≤1 was defined as low risk, while a score of ≥2 was defined as high risk. Median overall survival in the high-risk group was 10.4 months, while the median survival in the low-risk group was >60 months (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Significant prognostic information can be gained from routine preoperative biochemistry and haematology results in resected pancreatic and periampullary neuroendocrine tumours. These findings merit further evaluation in a larger patient cohort.

 

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