Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita with Combined Features of Bullous Pemphigoid and Cicatricial PemphigoidWieme N. · Lambert J. · Moerman M. · Geerts M.L. · Temmerman L. · Naeyaert J.M.
Departments of aDermatology, bOtorhinolaryngology, University of Gent, Belgium
Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA) is an acquired subepidermal blistering disease associated with autoantibodies against type VII collagen. The classical or mechanobullous form of EBA is characterized by skin fragility, trauma-induced blisters and erosions with mild mucous membrane involvement and healing with scars. Furthermore, bullous-pemphigoid-like and cicatricial pemphigoid-like features have been described. We report a patient who developed a bullous skin disease with upper airway obstruction requiring tracheotomy. The diagnosis of EBA was established by immunoblot, showing a band at 290 kD (collagen VII), and NaCl-split skin immunofluorescence (IgG deposition at the floor of the split). This case presented with clinical features of both bullous pemphigoid and cicatricial pemphigoid which to our knowledge is the first report of such a combination in EBA. The patient also presented tracheal involvement that has never been described either.
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