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Vol. 201, No. 1, 2000
Issue release date: 2000
Dermatology 2000;201:44–45
(DOI:10.1159/000018428)

Extreme UV Exposure of Professional Cyclists

Moehrle M. · Heinrich L. · Schmid A. · Garbe C.
aDepartment of Dermatology, University of Tübingen, and bCenter for Internal Medicine, Department of Preventive and Rehabilitative Sports Medicine, University of Freiburg, Germany

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Abstract

Background: The most important risk factor for the development of melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer is thought to be ultraviolet (UV) radiation. To date there is no quantification of the UV exposure of outdoor sports professionals training and competing at high solar UV levels. Methods: During eight stages of the ‘Tour de Suisse’ cycling race, the UV exposure of 6 professional cyclists was monitored with Bacillus subtilis spore film dosimeters. Results: The measurements showed a personal UV exposure between 0.2 minimal erythema dose (MED) during the prologue and 17.2 MED during a mountain stage. The mean daily personal exposure of all full stages (prologue excluded) was 8.1 MED. The personal exposure level determined during these races exceeded international exposure limits by more than 30 times. Conclusion: Therefore UV exposure of sports professionals should be limited by application of sun screens, protective clothing and training/competition at low insolation.

Copyright © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel



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References

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    External Resources

  3. Moehrle M, Garbe C: Personal UV dosimetry by Bacillus subtilis spore films. Dermatology 2000;200:1–5.
  4. Furusawa Y, Quintern LE, Holtschmidt H, Koepke P, Saito M: Determination of erythema effective solar radiation in Japan and Germany with a spore monolayer film optimized for the detection of UVB and UVA – Results of a field campaign. Appl Microbiol Biotech 1998;50:597–603.
  5. McKinlay AF, Diffey BL: A reference action spectrum for ultraviolet induced erythema in human skin. Journal de la CIE 1987;6:17–22.
  6. International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection: Guidelines on UV radiation exposure limits. Health Phys 1996;71:978.

    External Resources

  7. American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists: 1996 TLVs and BEI: Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents, Biological Exposure Indices. Cincinnati, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, 1996.
  8. Blumthaler M, Webb AR, Seckmeyer G, Bais AF, Huber M, Mayer B: Simultaneous spectroradiometry: A study of solar UV irradiance at two altitudes. Geophys Res Lett 1994;21:2805–2808.


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