Ménière’s Disease Is a Viral NeuropathyGacek R.R.
Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Mass., USA ORL 2009;71:78–86 (DOI:10.1159/000189783)
Morphological and clinical evidence supports a viral neuropathy in Ménière’s disease (MD). Quantitative examination of 11 sectioned temporal bones (TBs) from 8 patients with a history of MD revealed a significant loss of vestibular ganglion cells in both the endolymph hydropic (EH) and non-EH ears. Transmission electron microscopy of vestibular ganglion cells excised from a patient with MD revealed viral particles enclosed in transport vesicles. Antiviral treatment controlled vertigo in 73 of 86 patients with vestibular neuronitis (85%) and 32 of 35 patients with MD (91%).
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