Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 33, No. 1, 2009
Issue release date: May 2009
Section title: Original Paper
Free Access
Neuroepidemiology 2009;33:32–40
(DOI:10.1159/000211951)

Increased Mortality for Neurological and Mental Diseases following Early Bilateral Oophorectomy

Rivera C.M.a · Grossardt B.R.b · Rhodes D.J.a · Rocca W.A.c, d
Divisions of aPreventive and Occupational Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, bBiomedical Statistics and Informatics and cEpidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, and dDepartment of Neurology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., USA
email Corresponding Author

Dr. Walter A. Rocca

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic

200 First Street SW

Rochester, MN 55905 (USA)

Tel. +1 507 284 3568; Fax +1 507 284 1516; E-Mail rocca@mayo.edu


References

  1. Rocca WA, Bower JH, Maraganore DM, Ahlskog JE, Grossardt BR, de Andrade M, Melton LJ 3rd: Increased risk of cognitive impairment or dementia in women who underwent oophorectomy before menopause. Neurology 2007;69:1074–1083.
  2. Rocca WA, Bower JH, Maraganore DM, Ahlskog JE, Grossardt BR, de Andrade M, Melton LJ 3rd: Increased risk of parkinsonism in women who underwent oophorectomy before menopause. Neurology 2008;70:200–209.
  3. Rocca WA, Grossardt BR, Maraganore DM: The long-term effects of oophorectomy on cognitive and motor aging are age dependent. Neurodegener Dis 2008;5:257–260.
  4. Shuster LT, Gostout BS, Grossardt BR, Rocca WA: Prophylactic oophorectomy in premenopausal women and long-term health. Menopause Int 2008;14:111–116.
  5. Shumaker SA, Legault C, Kuller L, Rapp SR, Thal L, Lane DS, Fillit H, Stefanick ML, Hendrix SL, Lewis CE, Masaki K, Coker LH: Conjugated equine estrogens and incidence of probable dementia and mild cognitive impairment in postmenopausal women: Women’s Health Initiative Memory Study. JAMA 2004;291:2947–2958.
  6. Rocca WA, Grossardt BR, de Andrade M, Malkasian GD, Melton LJ 3rd: Survival patterns after oophorectomy in premenopausal women: a population-based cohort study. Lancet Oncol 2006;7:821–828.
  7. Porta MS, International Epidemiological Association: A Dictionary of Epidemiology, ed 5. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2008.
  8. Rocca WA, Grossardt BR, Geda YE, Gostout BS, Bower JH, Maraganore DM, de Andrade M, Melton LJ 3rd: Long-term risk of depressive and anxiety symptoms after early bilateral oophorectomy. Menopause 2008;15:1050–1059.
  9. Rocca WA, Shuster LT, Grossardt BR, Maraganore DM, Gostout BS, Geda YE, Melton LJ 3rd: Long-term effects of bilateral oophorectomy on brain aging: unanswered questions from the Mayo Clinic Cohort Study of Oophorectomy and Aging. Womens Health (London) 2009;5:39–48.
  10. Melton LJ 3rd, Bergstralh EJ, Malkasian GD, O’Fallon WM: Bilateral oophorectomy trends in Olmsted County, Minnesota, 1950–1987. Epidemiology 1991;2:149–152.
  11. Melton LJ 3rd, Crowson CS, Malkasian GD, O’Fallon WM: Fracture risk following bilateral oophorectomy. J Clin Epidemiol 1996;49:1111–1115.
  12. Melton LJ 3rd, Khosla S, Malkasian GD, Achenbach SJ, Oberg AL, Riggs BL: Fracture risk after bilateral oophorectomy in elderly women. J Bone Miner Res 2003;18:900–905.
  13. Beard CM, Crowson CS, Malkasian GD, O’Fallon WM, Melton LJ 3rd: Cardiovascular disease and cancer risk following bilateral oophorectomy: a population-based study in Rochester, Minnesota. J Womens Health 1995;4:133–141.

    External Resources

  14. Melton LJ 3rd: History of the Rochester Epidemiology Project. Mayo Clin Proc 1996;71:266–274.
  15. Commission on Professional and Hospital Activities: H-ICDA, Hospital Adaptation of ICDA, ed 2. Ann Arbor, 1973.
  16. Therneau TM, Grambsch PM: Modeling Survival Data: Extending the Cox Model. New York, Springer, 2000.
  17. Armstrong K, Schwartz JS, Randall T, Rubin SC, Weber B: Hormone replacement therapy and life expectancy after prophylactic oophorectomy in women with BRCA1/2 mutations: a decision analysis. J Clin Oncol 2004;22:1045–1054.
  18. Weisskopf MG, O’Reilly EJ, McCullough ML, Calle EE, Thun MJ, Cudkowicz M, Ascherio A: Prospective study of military service and mortality from ALS. Neurology 2005;64:32–37.
  19. Buckley J, Warlow C, Smith P, Hilton-Jones D, Irvine S, Tew JR: Motor neuron disease in England and Wales, 1959–1979. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1983;46:197–205.
  20. Chio A, Magnani C, Oddenino E, Tolardo G, Schiffer D: Accuracy of death certificate diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J Epidemiol Community Health 1992;46:517–518.
  21. Hoffman PM, Brody JA: The reliability of death certificate reporting for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J Chronic Dis 1971;24:5–8.
  22. Smith R, Studd JW: A pilot study of the effect upon multiple sclerosis of the menopause, hormone replacement therapy and the menstrual cycle. J R Soc Med 1992;85:612–613.
  23. Holmqvist P, Wallberg M, Hammar M, Landtblom AM, Brynhildsen J: Symptoms of multiple sclerosis in women in relation to sex steroid exposure. Maturitas 2006;54:149–153.
  24. Voskuhl RR: Hormone-based therapies in MS. Int MS J 2003;10:60–66.
  25. Sicotte NL, Liva SM, Klutch R, Pfeiffer P, Bouvier S, Odesa S, Wu TC, Voskuhl RR: Treatment of multiple sclerosis with the pregnancy hormone estriol. Ann Neurol 2002;52:421–428.
  26. Houtchens MK: Pregnancy and multiple sclerosis. Semin Neurol 2007;27:434–441.
  27. Morrison JH, Brinton RD, Schmidt PJ, Gore AC: Estrogen, menopause, and the aging brain: how basic neuroscience can inform hormone therapy in women. J Neurosci 2006;26:10332–10348.
  28. Gibbs RG: Long-term treatment with estrogen and progesterone enhances acquisition of a spatial memory task by ovariectomized aged rats. Neurobiol Aging 2000;21:107–116.
  29. Webber KM, Casadesus G, Marlatt MW, Perry G, Hamlin CR, Atwood CS, Bowen RL, Smith MA: Estrogen bows to a new master: the role of gonadotropins in Alzheimer pathogenesis. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2005;1052:201–209.
  30. Singh M: Progesterone-induced neuroprotection. Endocrine 2006;29:271–274.
  31. Singh M, Sumien N, Kyser C, Simpkins JW: Estrogens and progesterone as neuroprotectants: what animal models teach us. Front Biosci 2008;13:1083–1089.
  32. Brinton RD, Thompson RF, Foy MR, Baudry M, Wang J, Finch CE, Morgan TE, Pike CJ, Mack WJ, Stanczyk FZ, Nilsen J: Progesterone receptors: form and function in brain. Front Neuroendocrinol 2008;29:313–339.
  33. Bialek M, Zaremba P, Borowicz KK, Czuczwar SJ: Neuroprotective role of testosterone in the nervous system. Pol J Pharmacol 2004;56:509–518.
  34. Beard CM, Melton LJ 3rd, Cedel SL, Richelson LS, Riggs BL: Ascertainment of risk factors for osteoporosis: comparison of interview data with medical record review. J Bone Miner Res 1990;5:691–699.
  35. Coulam CB, Adamson SC, Annegers JF: Incidence of premature ovarian failure. Obstet Gynecol 1986;67:604–606.
  36. Marks NF, Shinberg DS: Socioeconomic status differences in hormone therapy. Am J Epidemiol 1998;148:581–593.
  37. Grodstein F, Clarkson TB, Manson JE: Understanding the divergent data on postmenopausal hormone therapy. N Engl J Med 2003;348:645–650.
  38. Lynch JW, Kaplan GA, Cohen RD, Tuomilehto J, Salonen JT: Do cardiovascular risk factors explain the relation between socioeconomic status, risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and acute myocardial infarction? Am J Epidemiol 1996;144:934–942.