- Herpes simplex virus type-1
- Echinacea polysaccharide fraction
- Trigeminal ganglion
Objective: During the latency period of herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1), the virus can occasionally reactivate, travel back to the eye and cause recurrent ocular disease. As this condition arises from the ability of HSV-1 to produce a dormant infection, effective medication to prevent the virus enter a latent state should prevent it. In this study, we applied Echinacea polysaccharide (EP) fraction as prophylactic mediator for latency prevention. Methods: In order to investigate the protective properties of EP, we evaluated its immunostimulatory functions on different immune aspects that play important roles in latency prevention (particularly IFN-γ as one of the main indicators of cellular immunity and latency). Finally, we assessed establishment of latency by detection of thymidine kinase gene in trigeminal ganglia of BALB/c mice. Results: We demonstrated that EP promotes immune response, leading to a reduced latency rate, and it has a promising effect on latency prevention. Conclusion: EP was able to exert an antiviral action on the development of recurrent HSV-1 disease when supplied prior to infection.
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Amir Ghaemi, Hoorieh Soleimanjahi
Department of Virology, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University
P.O. Box 14115-111, Tehran (Iran)
Tel. +98 21 8801 3561, Fax +98 21 8801 3030
E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Received: September 12, 2008
Accepted after revision: February 22, 2009
Published online: April 17, 2009
Number of Print Pages : 6
Number of Figures : 3, Number of Tables : 2, Number of References : 27
Intervirology (International Journal of Basic and Medical Virology)
Vol. 52, No. 1, Year 2009 (Cover Date: May 2009)
Journal Editor: Liebert U.G. (Leipzig)
ISSN: 0300-5526 (Print), eISSN: 1423-0100 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/INT
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