Background: Intranasal application of glucocorticoids is an efficacious treatment of allergic rhinitis and some cases of nonallergic rhinitis. However, no data on binding of glucocorticoids to nasal tissue are available. Pronounced binding of the compound to the target tissue is favorable as it might serve as a local deposit delivering the glucocorticoid to specific receptors and it slows down the efflux of the compound into systemic circulation. Methods: Human nasal tissue was incubated with fluticasone propionate, budesonide, flunisolide and beclomethasone-17-monopropionate. Kinetics of binding and redistribution of the tissue-bound fraction into human plasma was monitored. Results: Binding of glucocorticoids to human nasal tissue was fast and highest for the lipophilic fluticasone propionate, followed by beclomethasone-17-monopropionate. Also, highest concentrations of these lipophilic glucocorticoids remained in nasal tissue after equilibration of drug-saturated tissue with plasma. Conclusions: Lipophilic compounds exhibit a high tissue binding and retention which is an important property of topically applied glucocorticoids. It is the basis for prolonged action and low concentration of the compound in systemic circulation.
Copyright © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel
Copyright / Drug Dosage
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.