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Vol. 115, No. 1, 2010
Issue release date: November 2009
Section title: Novel Insights from Clinical Experience
Cardiology 2010;115:10–18
(DOI:10.1159/000244608)

Management of Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: Review of the Literature and Discussion Based on a Series of 12 Young Women with Acute Coronary Syndrome

Motreff P. · Souteyrand G. · Dauphin C. · Eschalier R. · Cassagnes J. · Lusson J.R.
Hôpital Gabriel Montpied, Clermont-Ferrand, France

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Novel Insights from Clinical Experience

Received: 6/25/2009
Accepted: 6/28/2009
Published online: 10/8/2009

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0008-6312 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9751 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRD

Abstract

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare pathology, principally affecting young women free of atheroma risk factors. Its physiopathology remains little understood, and the prognosis for such acute coronary syndromes is poor, as they occur suddenly. Management is often difficult, and no guidelines exist. The present single-center retrospective study concerns 12 cases of SCAD occurring between 2001 and 2008 in female patients under the age of 60. Eleven patients survived, with a favorable long-term evolution. Only 2 had conservative medical therapy, the other 10 undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (2 procedures involving a coronary artery bypass graft). On the basis of this series and data from the literature, we suggest a strategy to improve the often dire prognosis of SCAD. Emergency angiography to confirm diagnosis is essential. Treatment should be guided by the extent of the lesions, the myocardial ischemia and the hemodynamic status. Conservative medical therapy is a reasonable approach in the case of distal dissection or conserved coronary flow. Percutaneous coronary intervention is feasible in the acute phase to restore coronary perfusion and hemodynamic stability. Surgery – emergency bypass or assisted circulation – should be restricted to cases where percutaneous coronary intervention has failed or is impossible.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Novel Insights from Clinical Experience

Received: 6/25/2009
Accepted: 6/28/2009
Published online: 10/8/2009

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0008-6312 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9751 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRD


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

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