- Chronic kidney disease, inflammation
- Cardiovascular disease
A sustained status of chronic inflammation is closely linked to several complications of chronic kidney disease (CKD), such as vascular degeneration, myocardial fibrosis, loss of appetite, insulin resistance, increased muscle catabolism and anemia. These consequences of a chronically activated immune system impact on the acceleration of atherosclerosis, vascular calcification and development of heart dysfunction. Recent evidence suggests that these immune-mediated consequences of uremic toxicity are not only important to stratify the risk and understand the mechanisms of disease, but also represent an important area for intervention. Thus, the aim of this brief review is to discuss the immune mechanisms behind atherosclerosis and myocardiopathy in CKD. We also display the emerging evidence that strategies focusing on modulating the immune response or reducing the generation of triggers of inflammation may represent an important tool to reduce mortality in this group of patients. Ongoing studies may generate the evidence that will translate these strategies to definitive changes in clinical practice.
Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel
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Roberto Pecoits-Filho, MD, PhD
Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde
Rua Imaculada Conceição 1155
Curitiba, PR 80215-901 (Brazil)
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Published online: January 8, 2010
Number of Print Pages : 7
Number of Figures : 1, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 50
Vol. 29, No. 2, Year 2010 (Cover Date: January 2010)
Journal Editor: Ronco C. (Vicenza)
ISSN: 0253-5068 (Print), eISSN: 1421-9735 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/BPU
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