Distribution of Neutral Endopeptidase Activity along the Rat and Rabbit NephronEdwards R.M. · Pullen M. · Nambi P.
Neutral endopeptidase (NEP) activity was measured in various nephron segments dissected from rat and rabbit kidney. In the rat, only the proximal straight tubule and glomerulus had measurable NEP activity of 86 ± 11.3 pmol/min/mm tubule length and 5.8 ± 1.5 pmol/min/glomerulus, respectively. In the rabbit, significant activity was observed in both the proximal convoluted tubule (70.8 ± 7.2 pmol/min/mm) and proximal straight tubule (29.6 ± 2.3 pmol/min/mm) as well as in the glomerulus (12.8 ± 2.2 pmol/min/glomerulus). In the rat proximal tubule, phosphoramidon and thiorphan inhibited NEP activity, with IC50 values of 26.6 ± 6.0 and 6.9 ± 1.6 nmol/l, respectively. Incubation of rat proximal tubules with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate resulted in a 50% reduction in membrane-associated NEP activity. The results demonstrate that in both the rat and rabbit NEP is restricted to the glomerulus and proximal tubule. This localized distribution of NEP and its potential regulation by the protein kinase C pathway may play a key role in determining local concentrations of important regulatory peptides in the kidney.
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