To view the fulltext, please log in
To view the pdf, please log in
The main purpose is to investigate whether stress is a relevant category in Greenlandic word prosody. I focus on tonal and durational parameters. The data material consists of word lists read aloud seven times by two subjects. The main findings are: (1) The prosodic characteristics of words can be explained in either tonal or durational terms. (2) The four different syllable types (of different ‘weight’) are distinguished in durational terms; further, there appears to be only a tripartite system of short, long and overlong. (3) There are intra-syllabic as well as inter-syllabic rhythmical adjustments. It is concluded that Greenlandic prosody does not include an autonomous stress category, either tonal or durational parameters alone will do. And although Greenlandic has distinctive quantity, there is room for considerable durational variation of segments.
Copyright ® 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel
Copyright / Drug Dosage
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
- Basbøll, H.: Degrees of stress in modern Danish: primary, secondary, tertiary; in Rischel, Basbøll, Aspects of Danish prosody, pp. 21–48 (Odense University Press, Odense 1995).
- Beckmann, M.E.: Stress and non-stress accent (Foris, Dordrecht 1986).
- Bundgaard, M.: An acoustic investigation of intrinsic vowel duration in Danish. Annu. Rep. Inst. Phonet. Univ. Copenh. 14: 99–119 (1980).
- Dyhr, N.-J.: The fundamental frequency in Danish spontaneous speech with special reference to syllables boosted for emphasis; in Rischel, Basbøll, Aspects of Danish prosody, pp. 49–67 (Odense University Press, Odense 1995).
- Fant, G.: Speech sounds and features (MIT Press, Cambridge 1973).
- Fischer-Jørgensen, E.: Sound duration and place of articulation. Z. Phonetik 17(2–4): 175–207 (1964).
- Fischer-Jørgensen, E.: Untersuchungen zum sogenannten festen und losen Anschluß; in Hyldgaard-Jensen, Steffensen, Kopenhagener germanistische Studien, Vol. 1, pp. 138–164 (Akademisk Forlag, Kopenhagen 1969).
- Fischer-Jørgensen, E.: A phonetic study of the stød in Standard Danisk. Annu. Rep. Inst. Phonet. Univ. Copenh. 21: 55–265 (1987).
- Fischer-Jørgensen, E.; Hutters, B.: Unaspirated stop consonants before low vowels, a problem of delimitation – its causes and consequences. Annu. Rep. Inst. Phonet. Univ. Copenh. 15: 77–102 (1981).
- Fortescue, M.: Intonation contours across Inuit dialects. Etudes/Inuit/Studies 7(2): 113–124 (1983).
- Fortescue, M.: West Greenlandic (London, Croom Helms 1984).Grønnum, N.: The groundworks of Danish intonation (Museum Tusculanum Press, Copenhagen 1992).
- Hansen, E.; Lund, J.: Sæt tryk på. Syntaktisk tryk i dansk (DLH, København 1983).
- Holtved, E.: Kleinschmidts Briefe an Theodor Bourquin (Reitzel, København 1964).
- Hutters, B.: Vocal fold adjustment in Danish voiceless obstruent production. Annu. Rep. Inst. Phonet. Univ. Copenh. 18: 293–385 (1984).
- Jacobsen, B.: Recent phonetic changes in the Polar Eskimo dialect. Etudes/Inuit/Studies 15(1): 51–73 (1991).
- Jørgensen, H.P.: Über den Intensitätsverlauf beim sogenannten losen und festen Anschluß im Deutschen; in Hyldgaard-Jensen, Steffensen, Kopenhagener germanistische Studien, Vol. 1, pp. 165–186 (Akademisk Forlag, Kopenhagen 1969).
- Kleinschmidt, S.: Grammatik der grönländischen Sprache (Berlin 1851).
- Lehiste, I.: Suprasegmentals (MIT Press, Cambridge 1970).
- Liberman, M.; Prince, A.: On stress and linguistic rhythm. Ling. Inquiry 8: 249–336 (1977).
- Mase, H.: A study of the role of syllable and mora for the tonal manifestation in Greenland. Annu. Rep. Inst. Phonet. Univ. Copenh. 7: 1–98 (1973).
- Mase, H.; Rischel, J.: A study of consonant quantity in West Greenlandic. Annu. Rep. Inst. Phonet. Univ. Copenh. 5: 175–247 (1971).
- Nagano-Madsen, Y.: Phonetic reality of the mora in Eskimo. Work. Pap. Dept. Ling. Lund Univ. 34: 79–82 (1988).
- Nagano-Madsen, Y.: Mora and prosodic coordination. A phonetic study of Japanese, Eskimo and Yoruba (Lund University Press, Lund 1992).
- Nagano-Madsen, Y.: Phrase-final intonation in West Greenlandic Eskimo. Work. Pap. Dept. Ling. Lund Univ. 40: 145–155 (1993).
- Nagano-Madsen, Y.; Bredvad-Jensen, A.-C.: Analysis of intonational phrasing in West Greenlandic Eskimo reading text. Work. Pap. Dept. Ling. Phonet. Lund Univ. 44: 129–144 (1995).
- Petersen, R.: On phonological length in the Eastern Eskimo dialects. Folk 12–13: 328–344 (1970).
- Rischel, J.: Topics in West Greenlandic phonology (Akademisk Forlag, København 1974).
- Rischel, J.: Lecture notes from a course in Greenlandic phonetics, including an auditive analysis of two informants, 1984.Skautrup, P.: Det danske sprogs historie (Gyldendal, København 1944).
- Sluijter, A.; van Heuven, V.: Spectral balance as an acoustic correlate of linguistic stress. J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 100(4): 2471–2485 (1996).
- Thorsen, N.; Grønnum, N.: Intonation on Bornholm – between Danish and Swedish. Annu. Rep. Inst. Phonet. Univ. Copenh. 22: 25–138 (1988).
- Wood, S.: A spectrographic study of allophonic variation and vowel reduction in West Greenlandic Eskimo. Work. Pap. Phonet. Lab. Lund Univ. 4: 58–94 (1971).