IgE-Dependent and IgE-Independent Stimulation of Human Basophils Increases the Presence of Immature FcεRIα by Reversing Degradative PathwaysZaidi A.K. · MacGlashan, Jr. D.
Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center, Baltimore, Md., USA
Background: Expression of the high-affinity IgE receptor, FcεRI, on mast cells and basophils has previously been shown to be sensitive to the presence of IgE or cytokines. The current study examined whether stimulation of human basophils resulted in a change in the expression of FcεRI. Methods: Changes in the well-expressed immature intracellular form of the receptor, FcεRIα (p46), were examined by quantitative PCR, Western blot and the pulse-chase method. Results: Both IgE-dependent (anti-IgE antibody) and IgE-independent stimulation [formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) and C5a] led to increased accumulation of p46. The p46 form of FcεRIα increased 1.52 ± 0.09-, 2.58 ± 0.09- and 1.47 ± 0.07-fold following stimulation with anti-IgE, FMLP and C5a, respectively. There were no changes in the steady-state levels of mRNA for FcεRIα. The kinetics of the increase in p46 was slow following stimulation with anti-IgE antibody, with the earliest increases observed after 8 h. The p46 form was degraded in a bafilomycin A (lysosomal inhibitor)-sensitive process. There was no synergy between treatment with bafilomycin A and anti-IgE or FMLP stimulation, suggesting that the 2 methods of enhancement operate on the same pathway. Pulse-chase studies corroborated this conclusion. In contrast, IL-3 and bafilomycin A synergistically increased p46, suggesting that IL-3 increased synthesis of FcεRIα. Conclusions: Taken together, these results suggest that secretagogue stimulation results in an increase in p46 due to reversal of degradative pathways rather than increased synthesis of FcεRIα. Nevertheless, a decrease in the degradation of FcεRIα at an intermediate step in its processing by non-FcεRI-dependent stimulation may still influence expression of this important receptor.