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Vol. 26, No. 3, 2010
Issue release date: 2010
Cell Physiol Biochem 2010;26:395–402
(DOI:10.1159/000320563)

Ventricular Remodeling Induced by Tissue Vitamin A Deficiency in Rats

Azevedo P.S.1 · Minicucci M.F.1 · Chiuso-Minicucci F.2 · Justulin Jr L.A.3 · Matsubara L.S.1 · Matsubara B.B.1 · Novelli E.4 · Seiva F.4 · Ebaid G.4 · Campana A.O.1 · Zornoff L.A.M.1 · Paiva S.A.R.1
1Internal Medicine Department, Botucatu Medical School, UNESP - São Paulo State University, Botucatu,2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biosciences, UNESP - São Paulo State University, Botucatu,3Department of Morphology, Institute of Biosciences, UNESP - São Paulo State University, Botucatu,4Chemistry and Biochemistry Department, Institute of Biosciences, Botucatu Medical School, UNESP - São Paulo State University, Botucatu
email Corresponding Author

Abstract

Background/Aims: Experimental studies suggest that vitamin A plays a role in regulating cardiac structure and function. We tested the hypothesis that cardiac vitamin A deficiency is associated with adverse myocardial remodeling in young adult rats. Methods: Two groups of young female rats, control (C - n = 29) and tissue vitamin A deficient (RVA - n = 31), were subjected to transthoracic echocardiography exam, isolated rat heart study and biochemical study. Results: The RVA rats showed a reduced total vitamin A concentration in both the liver and heart [vitamin A in heart, µmol/kg (C = 0.95 ± 0.44 and RVA = 0.24 ± 0.16, p = 0.01)] with the same serum retinol levels (C = 0.73 ± 0.29 µmol/L e RVA = 0.62 ± 0.17 µmol/L, p = 0.34). The RVA rats showed higher left ventricular diameters and reduced systolic function. The RVA rats also demonstrated increased lipid hydroperoxide/total antioxidant capacity ratio and cardiac levels of IFN-γ and TNF-α but not of metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 activity. On the other hand, the RVA rats had decreased levels of β-hydroxyacylcoenzyme A dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase. Conclusions: Tissue vitamin A deficiency stimulated cardiac remodeling and ventricular dysfunction. Additionally, the data support the involvement of oxidative stress, energy metabolism, and cytokine production in this remodeling process.


 Outline


 goto top of outline Key Words

  • Inflammation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Energetic metabolism
  • Vitamin A
  • Remodeling

 goto top of outline Abstract

Background/Aims: Experimental studies suggest that vitamin A plays a role in regulating cardiac structure and function. We tested the hypothesis that cardiac vitamin A deficiency is associated with adverse myocardial remodeling in young adult rats. Methods: Two groups of young female rats, control (C - n = 29) and tissue vitamin A deficient (RVA - n = 31), were subjected to transthoracic echocardiography exam, isolated rat heart study and biochemical study. Results: The RVA rats showed a reduced total vitamin A concentration in both the liver and heart [vitamin A in heart, µmol/kg (C = 0.95 ± 0.44 and RVA = 0.24 ± 0.16, p = 0.01)] with the same serum retinol levels (C = 0.73 ± 0.29 µmol/L e RVA = 0.62 ± 0.17 µmol/L, p = 0.34). The RVA rats showed higher left ventricular diameters and reduced systolic function. The RVA rats also demonstrated increased lipid hydroperoxide/total antioxidant capacity ratio and cardiac levels of IFN-γ and TNF-α but not of metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 activity. On the other hand, the RVA rats had decreased levels of β-hydroxyacylcoenzyme A dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase. Conclusions: Tissue vitamin A deficiency stimulated cardiac remodeling and ventricular dysfunction. Additionally, the data support the involvement of oxidative stress, energy metabolism, and cytokine production in this remodeling process.

Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel


 goto top of outline Author Contacts

Paula Schmidt Azevedo
Departamento de Clínica Médica, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu
Rubião Júnior s/n, Botucatu, CEP: 18618-000, SP (Brazil)
Tel. +55 14 38822969, Fax +55 14 38822238
E-Mail paulasa@fmb.unesp.br


 goto top of outline Article Information

Accepted: May 04, 2010
Published online: August 24, 2010
Number of Print Pages : 8


 goto top of outline Publication Details

Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry (International Journal of Experimental Cellular Physiology, Biochemistry andPharmacology)

Vol. 26, No. 3, Year 2010 (Cover Date: 2010)

Journal Editor: F. Lang, Tübingen
ISSN: 1015–8987 (Print), eISSN: 1421–9778 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/cpb


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

Abstract

Background/Aims: Experimental studies suggest that vitamin A plays a role in regulating cardiac structure and function. We tested the hypothesis that cardiac vitamin A deficiency is associated with adverse myocardial remodeling in young adult rats. Methods: Two groups of young female rats, control (C - n = 29) and tissue vitamin A deficient (RVA - n = 31), were subjected to transthoracic echocardiography exam, isolated rat heart study and biochemical study. Results: The RVA rats showed a reduced total vitamin A concentration in both the liver and heart [vitamin A in heart, µmol/kg (C = 0.95 ± 0.44 and RVA = 0.24 ± 0.16, p = 0.01)] with the same serum retinol levels (C = 0.73 ± 0.29 µmol/L e RVA = 0.62 ± 0.17 µmol/L, p = 0.34). The RVA rats showed higher left ventricular diameters and reduced systolic function. The RVA rats also demonstrated increased lipid hydroperoxide/total antioxidant capacity ratio and cardiac levels of IFN-γ and TNF-α but not of metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 activity. On the other hand, the RVA rats had decreased levels of β-hydroxyacylcoenzyme A dehydrogenase and lactate dehydrogenase. Conclusions: Tissue vitamin A deficiency stimulated cardiac remodeling and ventricular dysfunction. Additionally, the data support the involvement of oxidative stress, energy metabolism, and cytokine production in this remodeling process.



 goto top of outline Author Contacts

Paula Schmidt Azevedo
Departamento de Clínica Médica, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu
Rubião Júnior s/n, Botucatu, CEP: 18618-000, SP (Brazil)
Tel. +55 14 38822969, Fax +55 14 38822238
E-Mail paulasa@fmb.unesp.br


 goto top of outline Article Information

Accepted: May 04, 2010
Published online: August 24, 2010
Number of Print Pages : 8


 goto top of outline Publication Details

Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry (International Journal of Experimental Cellular Physiology, Biochemistry andPharmacology)

Vol. 26, No. 3, Year 2010 (Cover Date: 2010)

Journal Editor: F. Lang, Tübingen
ISSN: 1015–8987 (Print), eISSN: 1421–9778 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/cpb


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.