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Vol. 45, No. 2, 2011
Issue release date: May 2011
Section title: Original Paper
Caries Res 2011;45:130–135
(DOI:10.1159/000324109)

Erosive Tooth Wear and Consumption of Beverages among Children in the United States

Okunseri C. · Okunseri E. · Gonzalez C. · Visotcky A. · Szabo A.
Departments of aClinical Services and bDevelopmental Sciences, Marquette University School of Dentistry, and cDivision of Biostatistics, Department of Population Health, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisc., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 8/24/2010
Accepted: 1/7/2011
Published online: 3/24/2011

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0008-6568 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-976X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRE

Abstract

Background/Aim: Experimental studies have identified differences in the effect of physicochemical properties of beverages on the etiology of erosive tooth wear (ETW). Little is known from epidemiological studies about the relationship between ETW and consumption of juices, drinks and milk. This study examined the relationship between the consumption of juices, drinks, milk and ETW in children in the United States. Methods: The National Health and Nutrition Examinations Survey data for 2003–2004 was analyzed. Trained and calibrated examiners used the modified Smith and Knight Tooth Wear Index from a 1998 United Kingdom Adult Health Survey to measure ETW. Beverage consumption collected via a Food Frequency Questionnaire was processed with Diet*Calc software to obtain the average daily consumption frequency for all queried juice categories, milk and carbonated beverages. Survey-weighted descriptive and multivariable analyses were performed. Results: Prevalence of ETW was highest in children aged 18–19 years (56%), males (49%), and lowest in Blacks (31%). Milk and soft drinks (0.85 times a day) and fruit drinks (0.69) were the most consumed products by children. Children with ETW had significantly higher odds of being frequent consumers of apple juice after adjusting for age, gender, and race/ethnicity. Blacks had the highest mean daily apple juice consumption, but the mean difference between those with ETW and those without ETW was not significant. Conclusion: ETW was associated with frequent intake of apple juice, but the mean difference in consumption between groups with ETW versus those without ETW within racial/ethnic groups was not significant.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 8/24/2010
Accepted: 1/7/2011
Published online: 3/24/2011

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0008-6568 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-976X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRE


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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