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Vol. 82, No. 3, 2011
Issue release date: December 2011
Folia Primatol 2011;82:154–164

Extrapair Paternity in Golden-Cheeked Gibbons (Nomascus gabriellae) in the Secondary Lowland Forest of Cat Tien National Park, Vietnam

Kenyon M. · Roos C. · Binh V.T. · Chivers D.
aWildlife Research Group, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK; bGene Bank of Primates and Primate Genetics Laboratory, German Primate Centre, Göttingen, Germany; cCat Tien National Park, Vietnam

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We observed 18 groups of golden-cheeked gibbons (Nomascus gabriellae) in the secondary lowland forest in Cat Tien National Park from January 2004 to December 2005 to obtain information about the social organization of this little-studied species, in an area where the population is recovering through increased protection and forest regeneration. DNA from faecal samples of 10 infants and juveniles identified 1 case of extrapair paternity. DNA from faecal samples of 18 adults from three communities revealed the majority of adults sampled of both sexes to be related to adults in neighbouring territories. Overall, the indications are that in this empty habitat, gibbons appear to be able to establish territories adjacent to those of their kin.

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